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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (39):
0

Who were the first President and Vice President in American history?

George Washington and John Adams

1

State Department deal with?

Handle relations with other nations

2

Treasury Department deals with?

Financial Matter

3

War Department deals with?

Nation's defense

4

Who makes up the cabinet of the President?

Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, Henry Know

5

Who was the first Secretary of State and Secretary of Treasury?

Thomas Jefferson- Sec. Of State
Alexander Hamilton- Sec. Of Treasury

6

What job title did Alexander Hamilton hold?

Sec. Of Treasury

7

What act established a federal court system?

Judiciary Acts of 1789

8

What could federal courts do to state laws if deemed necessary?

Take care of the states debts from the war

9

Who was John Jay?

1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Courts

10

What is a national debt?

The amount the gov't

11

What did Alexander Hamilton want to do with state debts after the war?

That he would have the federal gov't take care of the state debts from the war

12

What area in America was against his plan and why did they feel this way?

The Southern States because they owned less than the northern states and would have to pay more than their fair share to compensate

13

Why did the South agree to accept Hamilton’s plan to lessen the national debt?

Exchange for the US Capital being moved to the South

14

Why did Hamilton feel that it was ok for him to create a national bank?

Because a national bank fell within the intent if the constitution

15

What is a tariff?

Tax in imported goods

16

What was the Whiskey Rebellion?

A civil uprising against the taxing power of the federal gov't

17

What limits the power of the gov’t and protects the rights of the individual?

Bill of Rights

18

What amendments make up the Bill of Rights?

1st, 2nd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 8th, 9th, 10th amendment

19

What five civil liberties does the 1st Amendment protect?

Guarantees freedom of speech, religion, assembly, press, and petition the gov't

20

What does the 2nd Amendment give you the right to own

The right to own firearms

21

What does the 4th Amendment protect you from? (Placed as a result of the Sugar Act)

Unreasonable searches and seizes without probable cause

22

What Amendment is important for people accused of committing crimes?

5th amendment

23

According to the 5th Amendment, natural rights cannot be taken away without what?

Due process of law

24

What amendment gives you the right to a speedy, public trial by an impartial jury?

6th amendment

25

What does the 9th Amendment keep the government from doing?

Claiming the bill of rights are the only rights American have

26

What was given power in the 10th Amendment for protection?

Against the powers of a national gov't

27

What are 3 aspects of the Federalist Party?

Favored a strong federal gov't, rule by wealthy, and lose interoperation of the constitution

28

What are 4 aspects of the Democratic-Republican Party?

State banks, state gov't, rule by the people, strict interpretation of the constitution

29

How did Washington feel about political parties?

He believed that they divided the people and kept the gov't from working together

30

What is favoring one side in a political decision?

Partisan

31

Before the Election of 1796, what was held for the first time to determine Presidential candidates?

Caucuses

32

What was the crisis with France involving three agents that tried to get money from America?

XYZ Affair

33

Why were three acts created after the XYZ Affair?

To protect the security of the nation and slow Immigration

34

What was the Naturalization Act?

Required a Aliens to live in the US for 14 years before being able to apply for citizenship

35

What were the Alien Acts?

Allowed president to deport aliens

36

What was the Sedition Act?

A crime to speak or write false criticisms to try to weaken the gov't

37

What Amendment did the Sedition Act contradict?

The 1st amendment

38

What was affirmed by the KY and VA resolutions?

States rights