Chapter 9 Flashcards Preview

History > Chapter 9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (27):
0

Who were the first President and Vice President in American history?

George Washington and John Adams

1

What did each department of the Executive Branch deal with?

State Department- handle relations w/ other countries
Treasury Department- deal w/ financial matters
War Department- deals with nation's defense

2

Who makes up the cabinet of the President?

Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, and Henry Knox

3

Who was the first Secretary of State and Secretary of Treasury?

Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton

4

What job title did Alexander Hamilton hold?

Sec. Of Treasury

5

What job title did Alexander Hamilton hold?

The Judiciary Act of 1789

6

What could federal courts do to state laws if deemed necessary?

Ohiuguigiug

7

Who was John Jay?

1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

8

What is a national debt?

The amount the gov't. owed

9

What did Alexander Hamilton want to do with state debts after the war?

Get them taking care of by the federal gov't

10

What area in America was against his plan and why did they feel this way?

The Southern states, they owed less than the northern states and would have to pay more than their fair share to compensate.

11

Why did the South agree to accept Hamilton’s plan to lessen the national debt?

They in exchange got the capital moved to the South

12

Why did Hamilton feel that it was ok for him to create a national bank?

It fell within the Constitution

13

What is a tariff?

Tax imported goods

14

What was the Whiskey Rebellion?

Civil uprising against the taxing power of the federal gov't.

15

Why did Washington not want to run for a third term to the Presidency?

He believed that political parties divided people and kept the gov't from working together

16

What limits the power of the gov’t and protects the rights of the individual?

,,,

17

What amendments make up the Bill of Rights?

The first 10

18

What five civil liberties does the 1st Amendment protect?

Speech, religion, assembly, press, and petition

19

What does the 2nd Amendment give you the right to own?

Firearms

20

What does the 4th Amendment protect you from? (Placed as a result of the Sugar Act)

Unreasonable searches and seizures without probable cause

21

What Amendment is important for people accused of committing crimes?

The 5th Amendment

22

According to the 5th Amendment, natural rights cannot be taken away without what?

Due process of law

23

What amendment gives you the right to a speedy, public trial by an impartial jury?

6th Amendment

24

What does the 9th Amendment keep the government from doing?

From claiming the BoR are the only rights Americans have

25

What was given power in the 10th Amendment for protection?

A national gov't

26

What are 3 aspects of the Federalist Party?

Naturalization Act, Alien Acts, and Sedition Acts.