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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (218)
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30

Fluid in which lymphocytes and monocytes are suspended

lymph

31

a network of transporting vessels

lymph vessels

32

As whole blood circulates a small amount of plasma seeps from blood capillaries this fluid is called

interstitial or tissue fluid

33

closed ended microscopic vessels

lymph capillaries

34

Lymph vessels from the right chest and arm join the

right lymphatic duct

35

The right lymphatic duct drains into the

right subclavian vein

36

Lymph from different areas throughout the body enters the _________ and drains into the __________

thoracic duct
left subclavian vein

37

__________ resembles a lymph node because it acts as a filter by removing cellular debris, bacteria, parasites, and other infectious agents.

spleen

38

_______ is located in the upper part of the chest

thymus

39

_______ are masses of lymphatic tissue located in the pharynx. The act as filters to protect the upper respiratory structures from invasion by pathogens

tonsils

40

Numerous body defenses that work together to protect against disease

resistance

41

Forms of resistance present at birth are said to be

innate

42

The most complicated type of body resistance develops after birth in an immunocompetent individual. This type of immunity is a lifelong monitoring system that remains vigilant to disease causing microbes and other potentially dangerous substances

Acquired immunity

43

After a brief stay in the vascular system, monocytes enter tissue spaces and become highly phagcytic

macrophages

44

2 types of _______, B cells and T cells, are the active cells of the adaptive immune response

Lymphocytes

45

________ is the component of the specific immune system that protects primarily against extracellular antigens, such as bacteria and viruses that have not yet entered a cell

Humoral immunity

46

B cells produce a clone of cells called ______ that produce highly specific proteins called _______

plasma cells
antibodies

47

If an antibody encounters its matching antigen, it attaches to it and forms

antigen antibody complex

48

_________ is the component of the specific immune system that protects primarily against intracellular antigens, such as viruses and cancer cells

Cellular immunity

49

________ is the cell that actually destroys the invading agent

cytotoxix T cell

50

________ is essential to the proper functioning of both humoral and cellular immunity.

helper T cell

51

chemical messengers called _______ activate, direct, and regulate the activity of most of the other components of the immune system.

cytokines

52

________ monitors the progression of infection

suppressor T cell

53

__________ find their way to the lymph system and remain there long after the encounter with the antigen, ready for combat if the antigen reappears.

memory T cells

54

aden/o

gland

55

agglutin/o

clumping
gluing

56

bas/o

base (alkaline, opposite of acid)

57

blast/o

embryonic

58

chrom/o

color

59

eosin/o

dawn