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Flashcards in chapter 9 Deck (63):
1

Florence Kelly

advocate for improving the lives of women and children
help to win the passage of Illinois factory act
A social and political reformer
worked against sweatshops
wanted minimum-wage eight hour workdays and children's rights

2

prohibition

Banning the manufacture and sale of alcohol

3

muckrakers

journalists who wrote about the corrupt side of business and Public life in mass circulation magazines and newspapers

4

Robert La Follette

Wisconsin Governor who attacked big businesses to drive them out of politics

5

initiative

Bill organized by the people rather than lawmakers

6

referendum

excepting or rejecting an initiative via vote

7

recall

to remove officials from office before their term is up

8

17th amendment

allowed for direct election of Senators by all people of the state

9

suffrage

The right to vote

10

Susan B Anthony

leading proponent of woman suffrage cofounded national woman suffrage Association

11

Vassar College

first woman's college in the US

12

National Association of colored woman

managed nurseries reading rooms and kindergartens for the moral education of colored people

13

three-part strategy for suffrage

gain the right to vote, pursue rights through the courts and constitutional amendment for suffrage

14

Upton Sinclair

wrote the jungle novel about the meatpacking industry

15

Square deal

describe various progressive reform
Roosevelt

16

meat inspection act

required strict cleanliness requirements for the meatpacking industry

17

pure food and drug act

halted the sale of contaminated foods and medicines and called for truth in labeling

18

conservation

some wilderness areas would be preserved while others would be developed for the common good

19

WEB DuBois

early civil rights activist who helped establish the NAACP

20

NCAAP

organization for racial equality

21

Ida Tarbell

McCracken journalist who wrote the history of standard oil Company for McClure's magazine exposing unscrupulous business practices

22

what did the 14th amendment failed to grant

woman's voting right

23

what is the Federal Reserve system

A national Bank

24

FTC

Agency that investigates trade violations

25

NACW

Organization for improving African American education

26

progressivism

movement to return government control to the people

27

scientific management

management meant to improve productivity in the workplace

28

Clayton antitrust act

protecting unions from big business

29

Roosevelts square deal

(c's)

consumer protection
cooperation
conservation

laws will be enforced equally on people and business

30

consumer protection

SD

meat inspection act
pure food and drug act

31

trusts

SD

Sherman Antitrust act (break up trusts)

broke up standard oil
broke up 6 trusts total

32

unregulated big business

SD

wanted federal regulation

set minimum rates for railroads and couldn't change set rates without notifying public
Elkins act
Hepburn act

33

Elkins act

can't give or receive rebates (railroads)

34

Hepburn act

limited distribution of free railroad passes

35

what did Roosevelt do for the 1902 coal strike

10% raise
9 hour work days

36

conservation

SD

national reclamation act

1.5 million acres for water power sites
20 million acres to geological survey
150 million acres of forest reserve

37

Roosevelt and racial discrimination

supported individuals
fails to support
Booker T Washington to lunch

38

Booker T Washington

leader of all black training school

39

Progressives Taft

-no Richard Ballinger
-wasn't progressive enough
-supported Payne Aldrich act

40

Payne Aldrich act

decreased some tariffs and increased others

41

Richard Ballinger

opened 1 million acres to timber and mining

42

who did the progressives form into

bull moose party
by Roosevelt as a third party candidate

43

conservatives and Taft

(3)

supported him, broke up 90 trusts

1. didn't like Roosevelt because he busted up trusts
2. Supported Payne Aldrich act
3. less conservation

44

who did the conservatives turn into

republicans

45

1912 election and big business

progressives

Roosevelt

big businesses okay, don't monopolize

46

1912 election and big business

republicans

big businesses okay

Taft

47

1912 elections and big businesses

democrats

Wilson

didn't like monopolies and big businesses

small companies increase competition

48

1912 election and big business

socialists

Eugene V Debs

redistribute wealth
government should own businesses

49

what did Wilson want, basic

economic opportunities

50

three things Wilson did

attacked trusts
reduced tariffs
reorganized fine ideal system

51

attacked trusts
Wilson

Clayton Antitrust act
Federal trade act

52

Reduce tariffs
Wilson

underwood act

53

reorganize financial system
Wilson

federal income tax (16th amendment)
federal reserve act

54

Progressive movement

The struggle to make government more responsive to the needs of the people it aimed at restoring economic opportunities and correcting injustices in American life

55

how did new opportunities for women affect their lives

marriage was no longer demanded
worked towards Niger education and went to college

56

two strategies for suffragists

pass state laws
14th amendment which didn't allow them to vote

57

which amendment let women vote

19th

58

when did the 19th amendment pass

1920

59

four goals of progressivism

protecting social welfare
promoting moral improvement
create economic reforms
fostering efficiency

60

protecting social welfare progressivism

soften working conditions

61

promoting moral improvement
progressivism goal

improve personal behavior, prohibition

62

creating economic reform
progressivism

more equality

63

fostering efficiency
progressivism

cut back on work days to be more productive