Chapter 9 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (21):
1

oligarchs

very private businessmen who control the important aspects of the Russian economy(along w organized crime)

2

podzol soils

soil found in the northern forest. acidic soil with limited fertility***

3

chernozem soils

dark fertile soil. associated with grassland settings. found in southern Russia.****

4

peramafrost

permanently frozen ground of Russia. north of Russia.*****

5

taiga

the vast carniferous forest of russia

6

russification

a policy of Russia that was designed to make all 9 russians(who arent russian, everyone) more rusisan****

7

Gulag Archipelago

soviet era labor camps for political prisoners. siberia

8

mikrorayon

the large state construction urban housing projects built by the soviets in the 70s and 80s*****

9

dacha

a Russian country cottage used in the summer

10

eastern orthodox christianity

the major branch of christianity in russia******

11

cossacks

the east slavic people of Russia. were christians. main job was to spread Russian influence in 16th and 17th century

12

socialist state

state where the key economic sectors are controlled by the government***

13

CIS

the common wealth of independent states. former soviet republics that were formed after the desolation of Russia.***

14

denuclearization

the process in which nuclear weapons are removed from an area and dismantled (loose nukes)****

15

siloviki

members of the military and security forces. (KGB)***

16

centralized economic planning

an economic system in which the state sets production targets and controls production

17

human trafficking

a practice in which women are lured into or abducted into prostitution***

18

glasnost

a policy that relates to political openness ****

19

perestroika

a program of economic and political reform. restructuring ***

20

trans-siberian railroad

the longest railroad in the world. connects Eurpean with far east russia

21

pussy riot

punk rock band that opposed Putin. oppose that was against the feminist movement.