Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (40):
What amendments make up the Bill of Rights?
First 10 amendments of the Constitution
What is the difference between a law and an amendment?
A law is a bill that gets passed and an amendment is a change to an existing law
How does an amendment get proposed?
2/3 of the Congress or 2/3 of the states
What five civil liberties does the 1st Amendment protect?
Freedom of speech, religion, assembly, press, and petition
How does an amendment then get ratified?
3/4 of the state legislative
What does the 2nd Amendment give you the right to own?
What does the 4th Amendment protect you from? (Placed as a result of the Sugar Act)
Protects against unreasonable searches and seizures without probable cause
What Amendment is important for people accused of committing crimes?
What limits the power of the gov’t and protects the rights of the individual?
Bill of Rights
According to the 5th Amendment, natural rights cannot be taken away without what?
Without due process of law
What amendment gives you the right to a speedy, public trial by an impartial jury?
What does the 9th Amendment keep the government from doing?
From claiming the Bill of Rights are the only rights Americans have
What was given power in the 10th Amendment for protection?
States could be used as protection against the powers of national government
Who were the first President and Vice President in American history?
George Washington and John Adams
deals with finacial matters
Handle Relations with other nations
Deals with finacial matters
Who makes up the cabinet of the President?
Secretary of state, Secretary of Treasury, and Secretary of War
Who was the first Secretary of State and Secretary of Treasury
Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton
What job title did Alexander Hamilton hold?
Secretary of Treasury
What act established a federal court system?
The Judiciary Act of 1789
Who was John Jay?
1st Chief Justice of the Supreme court
What is a national debt?
The amount the government owed
What did Alexander Hamilton want to do with state debts after the war?
Proposed a plan that would have the ferderal government take care of the state debts from the war
What area in America was against his plan and why did they feel this way?
The southern states because they owed less than the northern states and would have to pay more than their fair share to compensate
Why did the South agree to accept Hamilton’s plan to lessen the national debt?
They accepted as long as the US Capital got moved to the South, Washington DC
Why did Hamilton feel that it was ok for him to create a national bank?
It fell within the intent of the Constitution
What is a tariff?
Tax on imported goods
What was the Whiskey Rebellion?
A civil uprising against the taxing power of the federal government
Why did Washington not want to run for a third term to the Presidency?
He believed that political parties divided people and kept the government from working together
What are 3 aspects of the Federalist Party?
-Favored a strong Federal government
-Rule by wealthy
-Loose interpretation of the Constitution
What are 4 aspects of the Democratic-Republican Party?
-Rule by the people
What is favoring one side in a political decision?
Before the Election of 1796, what was held for the first time to determine Presidential candidates?
What was the crisis with France involving three agents that tried to get money from America?
Why were three acts created after the XYZ Affair?
Protect the security of the nation and slow immigration
What was the Naturalization Act?
Required aliens to live in the US for 14 years before being able to appy for citizenship
What were the Alien Acts?
Allowed President to deport aliens
What was the Sedition Act?
A crime to speak or write false criticisms to try and weaken the government