Chapter 9 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (24):
1

Hormones

Chemical messangers

2

Steroids

Chemical substance containing hormones.

3

Tropic hormones

Stimulate target hormones

4

Growth hormone

A hormone to promote growth

5

Pineal body

Small conical mass of tissue behind the third ventricle of the brain that secretes hormones

6

Hypthalamus

Part of nervous system

7

Pituitary gland

Small gland hanging from hypothalamus that secretes hormones

8

Thyroid gland

Hormone secreting gland

9

Parathyroid

Four tiny glands in the neck

10

Adrenal gland

Gland that secretes adrenaline

11

Pancreas

Mixed gland

12

Gonads

Produce sex hormones in both males and females

13

Kidneys

Pair of organs

14

Nephrons

Functional units of the kidney

15

Uric acid

Almost insoluble acid that is a breakdown product of nitrogenous metabolism

16

Creatinine

Compound produced by metabolism of creatine

17

Nitrogenous waste

Any metabolic waste tat contains nitrogen

18

Urea

Nitrogenous waste

19

Urethra

Carries urine

20

Urine

Waste substance

21

Urinary bladder

Holds urine

22

Electrolyte balance

Balance of electrolytes

23

Intracellular fluid

Fluid in cells

24

Extracellular fluid

Fluid that surrounds the cells