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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (92):
1

Where bones interconnect with bones, cartilage, and teeth

joints

2

amount of movement permitted in a joint

range of motion

3

the greater the range the _____ stable it is

less

4

what are the 3 categories of joints?

Synarthrosis, amphiarthrosis, diarthrosis

5

functional category where the joint is immoble

synarthrosis

6

functional category where the joint has slight movement

amphiarthrosis

7

functional category where the joint has free movement

diarthrosis

8

what connective tissues connect amphiarthrosis joints??

dense regular or fibrocartilage

9

what are the 3 structural categories of joints?

fibrous, synovial, cartilaginous

10

bones connected with dense connective tissue

fibrous

11

what are the 3 types of fibrous joints?

gomphosis, sutures, syndesmosis

12

peg in socket, immovable

gomphosis

13

what is an example of gomphosis joints?

teeth in alveolar process

14

interlock edges of bone, synarthrosis

suture

15

what is an example of sutures?

sutures between the skull

16

connected with interosseous membrane/ligament, amphiarthrosis

syndesmosis

17

what is an example of syndesmosis?

radioulnar diaphyses, inferior tibiofibular

18

bone are connected with cartilage

cartilaginous

19

what are the 2 types of cartilaginous joints?

synchondrosis and symphysis

20

bones connected by hyaline cartilage, synarthrosis

synchondrosis

21

what is an example of synchondrosis joints?

costochondral, sternochondral joint of rib one

22

bones connected by fibrocartilage; amphiarthrosis

symphysis

23

what is an example of symphysis joints?

pubic symphysis, intervertebral discs

24

bones are separated by a joint cavity; diarthrosis

synovial

25

what are the 6 types of synovial joints?

plane (gliding) joint, ball and socket, hinge, pivot, ellipsoid/condylar, saddle

26

flattened surfaces interact to allow bones to slide across one another over short distances

plane

27

what is the least mobile type of synovial joint?

plane

28

Plane/gliding joints allow motion in ____ plane

1

29

what are some examples of plane/gliding joints?

acromioclavicular, intercarpal, intertarsal, sacroiliac

30

joint locks together with convex and concave surfaces articulating

hinge joint

31

hinge joints allow motion in __ plane

1

32

what actions do hinge joints do?

flexion, extension

33

what are some examples of hinge joints?

elbow, knew, ankle, interphalangeal

34

bone with rounded surface fits into ring formed by ligament and another bone

pivot joint

35

pivot joints allow motion in __ plane

1

36

what action do pivot joints do?

rotation

37

what are some examples of pivot joints?

atlantoaxial, proximal radioulnar

38

oval articular surface interacts with a depression surface on an opposing bone

ellipsoid/condylar joint

39

what type of action do ellipsoid/condylar joints do?

flexion, extension, circumduction, adduction, abduction

40

ellipsoid/condylar joints allow motion in __ plane

2

41

what are some examples of ellipsoid/condylar joints?

radiocarpal, metacarpophalangeal 2-5, metatarsophalangeal

42

each articular surface has a convex and concaved portion that nestle together

saddle joint

43

saddle joints allow motion in __ plane

2

44

what types of action do saddle joints do in the thumb?

flexion,extension, adduction, abduction, circumduction

45

what types of action do saddle joints in sternoclavicular do?

elevation, depression, protraction, retraction, circumduction

46

round head of one bone sits in a cup shaped surface of opposing bone

ball and socket joint

47

ball and socket joints allow motion in ___ plane

all

48

what types of actions do ball and socket joints do?

flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, circumduction, rotation

49

what are some examples of ball and socket joints?

hip, shoulder

50

What is an articular/joint capsule made of??

outer layer: fibrous layer

inner layer: synovial membrane

51

filled with synovial fluid

articular cavity

52

what is the viscous and oily secretion in the articular cavity composed of?

plasma filtrate and synovial membrane cells

53

what is the function of the articular cavity?

lubrication, nutrient distribution, shock absorption

54

fibrous, synovial fluid filled pouches filled with synovial membrane

bursa

55

where are bursa located?

tendons, ligaments, where bones may rub

56

what is the function of bursa?

reduce friction, shock absorption

57

adipose connective tissue covered by a synovial membrane

fat pad

58

where are fat pads located?

joint periphery

59

what is the function of fat pads?

protect/cushion joint

fill in spaces created as the joints move

60

what are the 2 accessory ligaments?

intrinsic and extrinsic

61

thickens articular capsule

intrinsic ligaments

62

outside and separate from articular capsule

extrinsic ligaments

63

articular surfaces are forced out of position

dislocation

64

what can dislocation result in?

damage to articular cartilage, ligament, or joint capsule

65

what type of joint is the shoulder?

saddle

66

separates articular cavity into two parts

articular disc

67

connects sternum to clavicle

sternoclavicular ligament

68

connects 1st rib to clavicle

costoclavicular ligament

69

connects acromion to acromial end of clavicle

acromioclavicular ligament

70

what types of joint is the acromioclavicular joint?

plane

71

connects coracoid process to clavicle

coraclavicular ligament

72

What are the articulating structures for glenohumeral joints?

head of humerus and glenoid cavity

73

fibrocartilage that encircles and covers surface of glenoid cavity

glenoid labrum

74

connects coracoid process and acromion

coraoacromial ligament

75

connects coracoid process to head of humerus

coracohumeral

76

what muscles make up the rotator cuff?

supraspinous, infraspinatous, teres minor, subscapularis

77

what are the articulating structures of the hip?

acetabulum and head of femur

78

what type of joint is the hip?

ball and socket

79

fibrocartilage ring that further deepens socket

acetabular labrum

80

connects ilium and femur

ileofemoral

81

connects ischium and femur

ischiofemoral

82

connects pubis and femur

pubofemoral

83

what articulations make up the knee?

tibiofemoral, patellofemoral

84

between candelas of tibia and femur

tibiofemoral

85

between patella and patellar surface of femur

patellofemoral

86

what type of joint is the knee?

hinge

87

C-shaped fibrocartilage pads on tibia condyles

menisci

88

what is the function of menisci?

stabilize and cushion joints

89

connects fibula and femur reinforcing the lateral surface of the joint

fibular collateral ligament

90

connects the tibial and femur reinforcing the medial surface of the joint

tibial collateral ligament

91

connects posterior of femur to anterior of tibia within the joint

anterior cruciate ligament

92

connects the anterior of the femur to posterior of tibia within the joint

posterior cruciate ligament