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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (24):
1

Group

If you were more individuals interacting in interdependent who have come together to achieve particular objectives

2

Formal group

a designated work group defined by an organization structure

3

Informal group

The group that is neither formally structured nor organizationally determined search group appears in response to the need for social contact

4

Social identity theory

Perspective that considers when and why individuals considers themselves members of groups

5

In group favoritism

Perspective in which we see members over in group as better than other people and people not in our group as all the same

6

Outgroup

Anyone outside the group or more usually it is an identified other group

7

Punctuated equilibrium model

A set of phases the temporary groups go through that involves transitions between inertia and activity

8

mid point

Haning members where is that their time is limited and they need to get moving

9

Role

A set of expected behavior patterns attributed to someone occupying a given position in a social unit

10

Role Perception

And individuals view of how he or she is supposed to act in a given situation

11

Role expectations

How others believe a person should act in a given situation

12

Psychological contract

Unwritten agreement that sits out what management expects from employee and vice versa

13

Role conflict

A situation in which an individual is confronted by divergent role expectations

14

Interrole conflict

The situation in which the expectations of an individual is different separate groups are in opposition

15

Norms

Acceptable standards of behavior within a group that are shared by the group members

16

Conformity

the adjustment of one’s behavior to align with the norms of the group

17

Deviant workplace behavior

Voluntary behavior that violates significant organizational norms in doing so threatens the well-being of an organization or its members

18

Status

Socially defined position or rank given to groups or group members by others

19

Social loafing

tendency for individuals to expend less effort when working collectively than when working individually

20

Cohesiveness

the degree to which group members are attracted to each other and are motivated to stay in the group

21

Diversity

Extent to which members of a group or similar to or different from one another

22

faultlines

The perceived divisions that support groups into two or more sub groups based on individual differences such as sex, race, work and education

23

Groupthink

Phenomenon in which the norm for a consensus overrides the realistic appraisal of alternative courses of action

24

Group shift

The change between a group decision in an individual decision that a member with in the group would make