Chapter 9 - A Breath of Fresh Air Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 - A Breath of Fresh Air Deck (65):
1

Collection of fluid or mucus from the bronchi and/or alveoli via an endoscope or through an endotracheal tube inserted as far down the trachea caudally as possible before infusing fluid and aspirating a sample (fluid may be used for cytologic examination).

Bronchoalveolar lavage

2

Visual examination of the bronchus.

Bronchoscopy

3

Visual examination of the voice box.

Laryngoscopy

4

Diagnostic procedure used to determine density in which sound is produced by tapping various body surfaces with the finger or an instrument. The sound produced over the chest where air is present differs from that of an area where fluid is present.

Percussion

5

Thick mucus secreted by the respiratory lining.

Phlegm

6

Instrument used to measure air taken in and out of the lungs.

Spirometer

7

Puncture of the chest wall with a needle to obtain fluid from the pleural cavity.

Thoracocentesis

8

Collection of fluid or mucus from the trachea via an endotracheal tube to assess respiratory disease.

Tracheal wash

9

Sterile collection of fluid or mucus from the trachea via a catheter inserted through the skin into the trachea to assess respiratory disease.

Transtracheal wash (abbrev. TTW)

10

Insertion of a hole-boring instrument into a sinus to establish fluid drainage or to allow access to the roots of teeth.

Trephination

11

Absence of oxygen

Anoxia

12

Interruption of breathing resulting in lack of oxygen

Asphyxiation, also called suffocation

13

Inhalation of a foreign substance into the upper respiratory tract

Aspiration

14

Chronic allergic disorder

Asthma

15

Incomplete expansion of the alveoli; also may mean collapse of a lung

Atelectasis

16

Inflammation of the bronchi

Bronchitis

17

Abnormal condition of the bronchi and lung

Bronchopneumonia

18

General term for abnormal conditions in equine species in which expiratory flow is slowed

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
abbrev. COPD, also called heaves

19

Abnormal condition of blue discoloration

Cyanosis

20

Abnormal opening in the diaphragm that allows part of the abdominal organs to migrate into the chest cavity

Diaphragmatic hernia

21

Chronic lung disease caused by enlargement of the alveoli or changes in the alveolar wall.

Emphysema

22

Nosebleed

Epistaxis

23

Disorder of horses that is characterized by abnormal inspiratory noise during exercise associated with degeneration of the left recurrent laryngeal nerve and atrophy of the laryngeal muslces

Equine laryngeal hemiplegia
also called left laryngeal hemiplegia or roaring

24

Spitting of blood from the lower respiratory tract

Hemoptysis

25

Accumulation of blood in the chest cavity

Hemothorax

26

Localized protective response to destroy, dilute, or wall of injury; classic signs are heat, redness, swelling, pain, and loss of function.

Inflammation

27

Inflammation of the voice box

Laryngitis

28

Paralysis of the voice box

Laryngoplegia

29

Sudden fluttering or closure of the voice box

Laryngospasm

30

Inflammation of the throat

Pharyngitis

31

Act of producing sound

Phonation

32

Inability to produce sound

Aphonation

33

Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space

Pleural effusion

34

Abnormal condition of the pleura and the lung (usually involves inflammation and congestion)

Pleuropneumonia

35

Abnormal condition of the lung that usually involves inflammation and congestion of the lung

Pneumonia

36

Abnormal lung condition with increased fluid between the alveoli and a decrease in lung function

Interstitial pneumonia

37

Abnormal accumulation of air or gas in the chest cavity

Pneumothorax

38

Growth or mass protruding from a mucous membrane (usually benign)

Polyp

39

Accumulation of fluid in the lung tissue

Pulmonary edema

40

Abnormally large amounts of fluid in the intercellular tissues spaces

Edema

41

Abnormal formation of fibers in the alveolar walls

Pulmonary fibrosis

42

Accumulation of pus in the chest cavity

Pyothorax

43

Fluid product of inflammation composed of leukocytes

Pus

44

High-protein fluid

Exudate

45

Inflammation of the nasal mucous membranes

Rhinitis

46

Inflammation of the nasal mucous membranes and lungs

Rhinopneumonitis

47

Nasal discharge

Rhinorrhea

48

Inflammation of the sinus

Sinusitis

49

Common term for upper respiratory disease of rabbits caused by Pasteurella multocida

Snuffles

50

Narrowed nostrils that reduce airway flow

Stenotic nares

51

Inflammation of the windpipe

Tracheitis

52

Inflammation of the trachea and the bronchi

Tracheobronchitis

53

Invasion of the nose, mouth, pharynx, epiglottis, or larynx (or trachea) by pathogenic organisms.

Upper respiratory infection or URI

54

A sudden, noisy expulsion of air from the lungs

Cough

55

Spasmlike and sudden

Paroxysmal

56

Combining form for cough

Tuss/i

57

Substances that narrow the opening into the lungs

Bronchoconstrictors

58

Substances that expand the openings into the lungs

Bronchodilaters

59

Substances used to break down mucus

Mucolytics

60

Substances used to control or prevent coughing

Antitussives

61

Surgical removal of a lobe

Lobectomy

62

Surgical incision into the chest wall

Thoracotomy

63

Surgical creation of an opening into the windpipe (usually involves insertion and placement of a tube)

Tracheostomy

64

Surgical incision into the windpipe

Tracheotomy

65

Combining form for diaphragm

Phren/o or diaphragmat/o (also combining form used to refer to the mind)