Flashcards in Chapter 9 & 10 Deck (38):
Who was the first king of the Carolingian dynasty?
The Carolingian dynasty's relationship with the Roman papacy can be characterized as
Close, as the pope legitimated the Carolingian claim to the throne and was in turn supported by the Carolingians
What was the ultimate goal of charlemagne's rule?
To I tuts the traditions of the Roman and Germanic worlds with Christianity
What was the responsibility of the missi dominici?
Overseeing the regional governors on the King's behalf
What was the disadvantage of the manorial system to the Carolingian empire?
The king's property was decentralized and scattered throughout the kingdom
What does the term feudalism refer to?
The social and economic system created by the relationship amount vassals, lords, and fiefs
What was the Peace of God?
An antiviolence movement during the tenth and eleventh century
Which city was the center of power for the abbasid caliphate?
The regions of the Islamic world were principally united by
The Arabic language and trade networks
The donation of Constantine was a forged document that
Named the pope as the recipient of the emperor constantine's crown, cloak, and military rank
The three field system practiced on Carolingian manors was characterized by
Farming two thirds of the arable land at one time and leaving the remaining third fallow to restore its fertility
Which was required in order to become a lord's vassal?
Participating in a public ritual
After 1000, how did inheritance patterns change?
Families handed down their entire estates to one son, usually the eldest
Other than Latin, what was the most important literary language in ninth- and - thenth- century Europe?
Who was elected in 987 to replace the last Carolingian King?
What type of economy arose in Europe in the late 11th century?
A profit-based economy
In what critical way were medieval cities different from ancient cities?
Medieval cities were primarily centers of production and economic activity
By the 11th century, many Jews
Had left rural areas under pressure from local lords and settled in towns and cities
How did medieval moneylenders circumvent the Christian church's ban on usury (lending money at interest)?
By disguising the interest derived from a loan as a penalty for late payment
Eleventh-century church reformers at first concentrated on two breaches of canon law: clerical marriage and simony, the latter of which was
The buying of church offices
The investiture conflict between Gregory VII and Henry IV began in response to
Henry insisting on appointing the archbishop of Milan and other church officials
Which of the following was evidence of how church attitudes toward marriage changed in response to the reform?
The papal ban on married clergy and the new expectation that the clergy consecrate marriages
Who spurred pope urban II's call for the first crusade?
The Byzantine emperor Alexus I
Which of the following was a fundamental difference between ancient and medieval cities?
Ancient cities' primary functions were religious, social, and political in nature; medieval cities were primarily centers of production and commerce
The development of medieval urban centers was marked by which of the following?
Haphazard, unplanned growth
Guilds provide an example of how
Medieval labor was highly organized
The introduction of which of the following improved farm productivity in the 11th century?
Iron farm tools
How was the papacy involved in the reconquista?
The pope issued an indulgence to all who would fight
How was the investiture conflict resolved?
In the concordat of worms, the investiture ceremony was divided into two parts: one using spiritual symbols and carried out by a churchman, and the other using secular symbols and carried out by the emperor or his representative
How did the Normans rule England?
They retained some Anglo Saxon administrative and governmental practiced while largely destroying a generation of English men and women
After the Norman conquest, England was
Tied inextricably to the language, politics, institutions, and culture of the Western European influences. Z
Baptism, confirmation, Eucharist (communion), penance, matrimony, holy orders, anointing the sick
Which King had 4 sons that got in a war?
Louis the pias
What were the 3 levels of being in a guild?
Master (make masterpiece first)
Who started the church reform?
The highest and better educated leaders of the church initiated it
Who got in a fight & excommunicated eachother?
Pope Gregory VII & Henry
How was the problem settled between George and Henry?
The concordat at worms