Chapter 9 & 10 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 & 10 Deck (38):
1

Who was the first king of the Carolingian dynasty?

Pippin III

2

The Carolingian dynasty's relationship with the Roman papacy can be characterized as

Close, as the pope legitimated the Carolingian claim to the throne and was in turn supported by the Carolingians

3

What was the ultimate goal of charlemagne's rule?

To I tuts the traditions of the Roman and Germanic worlds with Christianity

4

What was the responsibility of the missi dominici?

Overseeing the regional governors on the King's behalf

5

What was the disadvantage of the manorial system to the Carolingian empire?

The king's property was decentralized and scattered throughout the kingdom

6

What does the term feudalism refer to?

The social and economic system created by the relationship amount vassals, lords, and fiefs

7

What was the Peace of God?

An antiviolence movement during the tenth and eleventh century

8

Which city was the center of power for the abbasid caliphate?

Baghdad

9

The regions of the Islamic world were principally united by

The Arabic language and trade networks

10

The donation of Constantine was a forged document that

Named the pope as the recipient of the emperor constantine's crown, cloak, and military rank

11

The three field system practiced on Carolingian manors was characterized by

Farming two thirds of the arable land at one time and leaving the remaining third fallow to restore its fertility

12

Which was required in order to become a lord's vassal?

Participating in a public ritual

13

After 1000, how did inheritance patterns change?

Families handed down their entire estates to one son, usually the eldest

14

Other than Latin, what was the most important literary language in ninth- and - thenth- century Europe?

Anglo Saxon

15

Who was elected in 987 to replace the last Carolingian King?

Hugh Capet

16

What type of economy arose in Europe in the late 11th century?

A profit-based economy

17

In what critical way were medieval cities different from ancient cities?

Medieval cities were primarily centers of production and economic activity

18

By the 11th century, many Jews

Had left rural areas under pressure from local lords and settled in towns and cities

19

How did medieval moneylenders circumvent the Christian church's ban on usury (lending money at interest)?

By disguising the interest derived from a loan as a penalty for late payment

20

Eleventh-century church reformers at first concentrated on two breaches of canon law: clerical marriage and simony, the latter of which was

The buying of church offices

21

The investiture conflict between Gregory VII and Henry IV began in response to

Henry insisting on appointing the archbishop of Milan and other church officials

22

Which of the following was evidence of how church attitudes toward marriage changed in response to the reform?

The papal ban on married clergy and the new expectation that the clergy consecrate marriages

23

Who spurred pope urban II's call for the first crusade?

The Byzantine emperor Alexus I

24

Which of the following was a fundamental difference between ancient and medieval cities?

Ancient cities' primary functions were religious, social, and political in nature; medieval cities were primarily centers of production and commerce

25

The development of medieval urban centers was marked by which of the following?

Haphazard, unplanned growth

26

Guilds provide an example of how

Medieval labor was highly organized

27

The introduction of which of the following improved farm productivity in the 11th century?

Iron farm tools

28

How was the papacy involved in the reconquista?

The pope issued an indulgence to all who would fight

29

How was the investiture conflict resolved?

In the concordat of worms, the investiture ceremony was divided into two parts: one using spiritual symbols and carried out by a churchman, and the other using secular symbols and carried out by the emperor or his representative

30

How did the Normans rule England?

They retained some Anglo Saxon administrative and governmental practiced while largely destroying a generation of English men and women

31

After the Norman conquest, England was

Tied inextricably to the language, politics, institutions, and culture of the Western European influences. Z

32

Seven sacraments

Baptism, confirmation, Eucharist (communion), penance, matrimony, holy orders, anointing the sick

33

Which King had 4 sons that got in a war?

Louis the pias

34

What were the 3 levels of being in a guild?

Apprentice
Journeyman
Master (make masterpiece first)

35

Who started the church reform?

The highest and better educated leaders of the church initiated it

36

Who got in a fight & excommunicated eachother?

Pope Gregory VII & Henry

37

How was the problem settled between George and Henry?

The concordat at worms

38

How did Arabic help to unify the regions of the Islamic world?

It was the language of the Quran and of commerce and government