Chapter 9 - Aphrodite Flashcards Preview

CLASSICS > Chapter 9 - Aphrodite > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 9 - Aphrodite Deck (90):
1

Birth of Aphrodite: Hesiod's Theogony variant

Uranus' genitals fall into the ocean
Aprodite Urania (sacred)

2

Birth of Aphrodite: Epithets of Aphrodite

-Cytherea (Island of Cythera)
-Cyprogenes (Island of Cypris)
- Philomme(i)des (laughter loving;genital loving)

3

Birth of Aphrodite: Variant version of birth

Child of Zeus and Dione (profane version)

4

Sacred version of Aphrodites birth

Uranus' castration

5

Profane version of Aphrodites' birth

zeus and dione

6

Historical Origins: Near Eastern Goddess of Fertility, referred to as?

Magna Mater

7

Magna mater definition

- eastern goddess of fertility
- greath mother

8

Inanna definition

Sumerian - great mother

9

Ishtar definition

akkadian - greath mother

10

Astarte definition

Syrian - great mother

11

Cybele definition

phrygian - great mother

12

Sumerian great mother

inanna

13

akkadian great mother

ishtar

14

syrian great mother

ashtarte

15

phrygian great mother

cybele

16

Historical Origins: Aphrodite via Cyprus: What city was she worshipped in?

City of Salamis or Paphos

17

City of Salamis or Paphos

Aphrodite's worship via cyprus

18

Historical Origins: Aphrodite via cythera

phoenician colony

19

Worship of Phoenician colony

Aphrodite via cythera

20

Divine Functions and Powers of Aphrodite:

Sexual desire
beauty
war

21

Divine Functions and Powers of Aphrodite: Temple of Prostitution, where??

Corinth and Cythera
- pleases goddess to ensure fertility

22

Divine Functions and Powers of Aphrodite: Connection with War

at Sparta - connection Ares in myth
- referred to as CNIDOS

23

Aphrodite's attendants: who?

the 3 graces; the 3 hours/seasons

24

Aphrodite's attendants: Who are the 3 graces?

G. = Charites
L = Gartiae
Personifications of grace and loveliness

25

Aphrodite's attendants: Who are the 3 hours or seasons?

G = Horai
L. = Horae
Daughters of Zeus and Themis
2-4 in number and often confused for the graces

26

Who is Priapus?

Child of Aphrodite
..possible father = dionysus, hermes, pan, adonis
-

27

What kind of Daimon is Priapus?

A fertility daimon

28

What does Daimon mean?

small deformed

29

How is Priapus depicted?

a small deformed man with a huge dick
- becomes associated with Guardian of gardens

30

Apotropaic definition

to turn away from evil

31

Pygmalion: King of what?

Pygmalion is the king of cyprus

32

Pygmalion: what book does he appear in?

Ovid's metamorphoses

33

Pygmalion: In Cyprus, what's wrong with the women before Venus intervenes?

They are chaste and are denying Venus' divinity

34

Pygmalion: What does Venus do because of this?

She turns them into prostitutes

35

Pygmalion: What does Pygmalion, the king, do due to the sudden increase in prostitutes?

He is disgusted by women's and carves a statue of a nude woman

36

Pygmalion: Who is Galatea?

Pygmalion's statue brought to life after he falls in love with it and wishes it be real

37

Cinyras story: Who is Cinyras?

Grandson of Pygmalion and Galatea

38

Cinyras story: Who is Myrrha?

Daughter of Cinyras

39

Cinyras story: What happens when wife boasts saying Myrrha is more beautiful than Venus?

Venus makes Myrrha fall in love with Cinyras.
- She fights it but can't

40

Cinyras story: How does the nurse try and help Myrrha?

Sets her up with father and they have sex with lights off but he finds out

41

Cinyras story: What happens when Cinyras tries to kill his daughter?

She is transformed into a myrrh tree
- trees become resin: Myrrh

42

Aphrodite and Adonis: Adonis/ Adon

semitic name for "Lord"

43

Semitic name for "Lord"

Adonis/ Adon

44

Aphrodite and Adonis: 1st Version - older and authentic version

adonis = child of myrrha and cinyras
- adonis given to Persephone (queen of underworld) and spends 1/3 of life with each goddess
1/3 of life where he wants

45

Aphrodite and Adonis: In the older and authentic version, how does Adonis die?

He is killed by a boar

46

Aphrodite and Adonis: Ovid's metamorphoses

- defined by a love triangle
Adonis grows up with aphrodite as surrogate mother
- Aphrodite falls in love with Adonis (a handsome hunter)

47

Aphrodite and Adonis: Ovid's metamorphoses version: How does Adonis die?

Fatal wound in groin by boar
- Anemone (wind flower) created

48

Fertility Goddess and Dying Vegetation God: Who?

Adonis

49

Adonia: what is this

Festival of adonis -
effigy of dead youth

50

The gardens of adonis

seeds planted in shallow soil and spring up quickly and die

51

Who are the near eastern parallels of Adonis and Aphrodite?

Cybele and Attis

52

What is an epithet of Cybele?

The Great Goddess

53

Phrygian goddess of fertility

Cybele

54

Cybele

Phrygian goddess of fertility

55

Greeks identified by Cybele with...

Demeter / Rhea

56

What did the romans call cybele?

Maga mater
" great mother"

57

Who was Cybele's young lover?

Attis

58

Birth of Cybele

- orgininally hermaphroditic, she was sprung from earth/rock in phyrgia

59

When Cybele's male genitals fell off, what did they become?

Almond tree created; Almond = glans penis

60

Who is mother of Attis?
How is she impregnated?

Nana
- picks blossom from almond tree

61

Who raises Attis since Nana abandons him?

A billy goat

62

Who falls in love with attis?

Cybele; however attis does not love cybele

63

Cybele drives attis insane and then what does he do?

He castrates himself and dies

64

Remorseful cybele wishes to zeus after attis dies and what happens?

attis' body never decays and his little finger/penis continues to move
his hair continues to grow

65

"Corybantes" definition of Aphrodite's attendants?

"whirlers"

66

Who are the corybantes often confused with?

Curetes
(young men who attended zeus on crete)

67

Eunuchs aka Galli serve what purpose to cybele?

They are her priests

68

Attis' castration serve as what etiology?

Etiology for priests - Eunuchs/Galli

69

Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite: Who does Anchises have power over?

Gods, humans, animals

70

Who are the 3 exceptions to Anchises power?

Hestia, athena, artemis because they are all CHASTE

71

Child of union between aphrodite and anchises?

Aeneas
- trojan hero; founder of rome; virgil's aeneid

72

Eros: 1 tradition of birth

born from chaos in hesiod's theogony

73

Eros: 2nd tradition of birth

son of aphrodite and ares

74

Eros: representation in 5th century classical greece

god of homosexuality in particular Athens
"plato's symposium"

75

Plato's symposium: speech of aristophanes

- humans are originally 3 genders (male,female, androgynous)
- humans are spherical with 2 faces, 2 sets of gentials, 4 hands, 4 legs

76

Plato's symposium: What causes zeus to cut humans in half?

Human hubris
- they attack the gods; humans cursed to find other half

77

Plato's symposium: How does the splitting of humans relate to Eros?

Eros gives humans the eternal desire to reunite with our other halves

78

Speech of Socrates: What is socrates famous for?

knowing nothing

79

Speech of Socrates: Who taught Socrates by?

Diotima

80

Speech of Socrates: Who is Diotima?

Priestess from Mantinea (prophecy ville)

81

Speech of Socrates: How does he describe Eros?

between human and divine
- child of poros and Penia

82

Speech of Socrates: What does Poros mean?

resourcefulness

83

Speech of Socrates: What does Penia mean?

Poverty

84

Speech of Socrates: What does eros lack?

Philosophia = love of wisdom

85

Ladder of Love: Individual beauty to...

universal beauty

86

Ladder of Love: Physical to ...

metaphysical

87

Ladder of Love: Erotic to...

Intellectual

88

Ladder of Love: Relates to what version of Aphrodite?

Aphrodite Urania

89

Who was Sappho?

Greek lyric poetess

90

Where was sappho born?

Island of lesbos