Flashcards in Chapter 9 - Aphrodite Deck (90):
Birth of Aphrodite: Hesiod's Theogony variant
Uranus' genitals fall into the ocean
Aprodite Urania (sacred)
Birth of Aphrodite: Epithets of Aphrodite
-Cytherea (Island of Cythera)
-Cyprogenes (Island of Cypris)
- Philomme(i)des (laughter loving;genital loving)
Birth of Aphrodite: Variant version of birth
Child of Zeus and Dione (profane version)
Sacred version of Aphrodites birth
Profane version of Aphrodites' birth
zeus and dione
Historical Origins: Near Eastern Goddess of Fertility, referred to as?
Magna mater definition
- eastern goddess of fertility
- greath mother
Sumerian - great mother
akkadian - greath mother
Syrian - great mother
phrygian - great mother
Sumerian great mother
akkadian great mother
syrian great mother
phrygian great mother
Historical Origins: Aphrodite via Cyprus: What city was she worshipped in?
City of Salamis or Paphos
City of Salamis or Paphos
Aphrodite's worship via cyprus
Historical Origins: Aphrodite via cythera
Worship of Phoenician colony
Aphrodite via cythera
Divine Functions and Powers of Aphrodite:
Divine Functions and Powers of Aphrodite: Temple of Prostitution, where??
Corinth and Cythera
- pleases goddess to ensure fertility
Divine Functions and Powers of Aphrodite: Connection with War
at Sparta - connection Ares in myth
- referred to as CNIDOS
Aphrodite's attendants: who?
the 3 graces; the 3 hours/seasons
Aphrodite's attendants: Who are the 3 graces?
G. = Charites
L = Gartiae
Personifications of grace and loveliness
Aphrodite's attendants: Who are the 3 hours or seasons?
G = Horai
L. = Horae
Daughters of Zeus and Themis
2-4 in number and often confused for the graces
Who is Priapus?
Child of Aphrodite
..possible father = dionysus, hermes, pan, adonis
What kind of Daimon is Priapus?
A fertility daimon
What does Daimon mean?
How is Priapus depicted?
a small deformed man with a huge dick
- becomes associated with Guardian of gardens
to turn away from evil
Pygmalion: King of what?
Pygmalion is the king of cyprus
Pygmalion: what book does he appear in?
Pygmalion: In Cyprus, what's wrong with the women before Venus intervenes?
They are chaste and are denying Venus' divinity
Pygmalion: What does Venus do because of this?
She turns them into prostitutes
Pygmalion: What does Pygmalion, the king, do due to the sudden increase in prostitutes?
He is disgusted by women's and carves a statue of a nude woman
Pygmalion: Who is Galatea?
Pygmalion's statue brought to life after he falls in love with it and wishes it be real
Cinyras story: Who is Cinyras?
Grandson of Pygmalion and Galatea
Cinyras story: Who is Myrrha?
Daughter of Cinyras
Cinyras story: What happens when wife boasts saying Myrrha is more beautiful than Venus?
Venus makes Myrrha fall in love with Cinyras.
- She fights it but can't
Cinyras story: How does the nurse try and help Myrrha?
Sets her up with father and they have sex with lights off but he finds out
Cinyras story: What happens when Cinyras tries to kill his daughter?
She is transformed into a myrrh tree
- trees become resin: Myrrh
Aphrodite and Adonis: Adonis/ Adon
semitic name for "Lord"
Semitic name for "Lord"
Aphrodite and Adonis: 1st Version - older and authentic version
adonis = child of myrrha and cinyras
- adonis given to Persephone (queen of underworld) and spends 1/3 of life with each goddess
1/3 of life where he wants
Aphrodite and Adonis: In the older and authentic version, how does Adonis die?
He is killed by a boar
Aphrodite and Adonis: Ovid's metamorphoses
- defined by a love triangle
Adonis grows up with aphrodite as surrogate mother
- Aphrodite falls in love with Adonis (a handsome hunter)
Aphrodite and Adonis: Ovid's metamorphoses version: How does Adonis die?
Fatal wound in groin by boar
- Anemone (wind flower) created
Fertility Goddess and Dying Vegetation God: Who?
Adonia: what is this
Festival of adonis -
effigy of dead youth
The gardens of adonis
seeds planted in shallow soil and spring up quickly and die
Who are the near eastern parallels of Adonis and Aphrodite?
Cybele and Attis
What is an epithet of Cybele?
The Great Goddess
Phrygian goddess of fertility
Phrygian goddess of fertility
Greeks identified by Cybele with...
Demeter / Rhea
What did the romans call cybele?
" great mother"
Who was Cybele's young lover?
Birth of Cybele
- orgininally hermaphroditic, she was sprung from earth/rock in phyrgia
When Cybele's male genitals fell off, what did they become?
Almond tree created; Almond = glans penis
Who is mother of Attis?
How is she impregnated?
- picks blossom from almond tree
Who raises Attis since Nana abandons him?
A billy goat
Who falls in love with attis?
Cybele; however attis does not love cybele
Cybele drives attis insane and then what does he do?
He castrates himself and dies
Remorseful cybele wishes to zeus after attis dies and what happens?
attis' body never decays and his little finger/penis continues to move
his hair continues to grow
"Corybantes" definition of Aphrodite's attendants?
Who are the corybantes often confused with?
(young men who attended zeus on crete)
Eunuchs aka Galli serve what purpose to cybele?
They are her priests
Attis' castration serve as what etiology?
Etiology for priests - Eunuchs/Galli
Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite: Who does Anchises have power over?
Gods, humans, animals
Who are the 3 exceptions to Anchises power?
Hestia, athena, artemis because they are all CHASTE
Child of union between aphrodite and anchises?
- trojan hero; founder of rome; virgil's aeneid
Eros: 1 tradition of birth
born from chaos in hesiod's theogony
Eros: 2nd tradition of birth
son of aphrodite and ares
Eros: representation in 5th century classical greece
god of homosexuality in particular Athens
Plato's symposium: speech of aristophanes
- humans are originally 3 genders (male,female, androgynous)
- humans are spherical with 2 faces, 2 sets of gentials, 4 hands, 4 legs
Plato's symposium: What causes zeus to cut humans in half?
- they attack the gods; humans cursed to find other half
Plato's symposium: How does the splitting of humans relate to Eros?
Eros gives humans the eternal desire to reunite with our other halves
Speech of Socrates: What is socrates famous for?
Speech of Socrates: Who taught Socrates by?
Speech of Socrates: Who is Diotima?
Priestess from Mantinea (prophecy ville)
Speech of Socrates: How does he describe Eros?
between human and divine
- child of poros and Penia
Speech of Socrates: What does Poros mean?
Speech of Socrates: What does Penia mean?
Speech of Socrates: What does eros lack?
Philosophia = love of wisdom
Ladder of Love: Individual beauty to...
Ladder of Love: Physical to ...
Ladder of Love: Erotic to...
Ladder of Love: Relates to what version of Aphrodite?
Who was Sappho?
Greek lyric poetess