Chapter 9 - early church history Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 - early church history Deck (50):
1

why was the time right for jesus to come?

-pax romana (peace and order)
-open borders for many miles
-roman citizenship held privilege
-a system of roads
-common language
-pagan religion dying

2

what does messiah mean?

anointed one

3

the church

people being saved by the gospel of Jesus due to the holy spirit and the teaching of the apostles

4

the apostles

DESIGNATED by CHRIST as AMBASSADORS charged with leading the early church

5

the holy spirit

gave the gospel power to change lives

6

apostles were _________ by God to write the new testament

inspired

7

the early church's testimony was their:

practical Godliness and purity

8

the roman practices were

depraved and immoral

9

by 300 AD how many believers in local assemblies were there?

500,000

10

how many persecutions were there?

10

11

meaning of martyr

witness

12

who said "the blood of the martyrs is the seed of the church"

Tertullian

13

1st persecution

under Nero

14

what did Nero blame the christians for?

the fire in Rome

15

how and who was paul killed by

killed by Nero, beheaded

16

how was peter killed

crucified upside down

17

what are the catacombs

tunnels originally dug out for stone to build rome, estimated that 2-7 million christians are buried there

18

2nd persecution

Domitian

19

John was exiled under the rule of:

Domitian

20

3rd persecution

Trajan

21

under whom did christianity become a capital crime?

Trajan

22

Who was ignatius

bishop of antioch

23

how was ignatius killed

thrown to wild beasts at the coliseum

24

4th persecution

marcus aurelius

25

who was the last of the five good emperors

marcus aurelius

26

who was justin martyr

a christian philosopher executed in 167 AD

27

who was blandina

a christian slave girl who was horribly tortured but would only proclaim that she was a christian

28

who ordered the execution of all church leaders?

maximus thrax

29

persecution 5-9

41 emperors in 49 years

30

thrown to wild beasts despite having newborn babies

perpetua and felicitas

31

under whom were the citizens required to max sacrifices to the roman gods?

decius

32

10th persecution (the great persecution)

diocletian

33

what were some of the things diocletian did to eradicate christianity?

-burned biblical manuscripts
-burned church buildings and christian homes
-threw believers to the sea

34

church fathers were Godly men who:

-expounded on the scripture
-defended the faith
-championed the cause of christ

35

tatian

wrote Adress to the Greeks which proved christian superiority over greek religion

36

irenaeus

wrote "against all heresies" where he debunked gnosticism

37

what was gnosticism

a combination of greek philosophy, oriental religion, and christian theology

38

origen

wrote the first systematic theology

39

athanasius

argued for the deity of christ

40

jerome

translated the scriptures into the common latin of the day

41

what was jeromes latin translation of the scriptures called

the latin vulgate

42

ambrose

inspired augustine

43

augustine

the greatest of the church fathers, most important figure between Paul and martin luther

44

God is _______ God and __________ man

100% God and 100% man

45

constantine

extended legal protection and recognition to christians with the edict of milan in 313 AD

46

who attempted to institutionalize the church

constantine

47

eventually christianity became

the only legal state religion

48

early church worship included

-listening to scriptures
-offering prayers
-celebrating the lords supper

49

institutionalized worship included

-elaborate services
-elders were now priests

50

social impact of true church by end of roman empire

-slavery abolished in roman empire
-circuses ended
-human sacrifice and infanticide ended
-families strengthened
-hospitals and orphanages established