Flashcards in Chapter 9 - early church history Deck (50):
why was the time right for jesus to come?
-pax romana (peace and order)
-open borders for many miles
-roman citizenship held privilege
-a system of roads
-pagan religion dying
what does messiah mean?
people being saved by the gospel of Jesus due to the holy spirit and the teaching of the apostles
DESIGNATED by CHRIST as AMBASSADORS charged with leading the early church
the holy spirit
gave the gospel power to change lives
apostles were _________ by God to write the new testament
the early church's testimony was their:
practical Godliness and purity
the roman practices were
depraved and immoral
by 300 AD how many believers in local assemblies were there?
how many persecutions were there?
meaning of martyr
who said "the blood of the martyrs is the seed of the church"
what did Nero blame the christians for?
the fire in Rome
how and who was paul killed by
killed by Nero, beheaded
how was peter killed
crucified upside down
what are the catacombs
tunnels originally dug out for stone to build rome, estimated that 2-7 million christians are buried there
John was exiled under the rule of:
under whom did christianity become a capital crime?
Who was ignatius
bishop of antioch
how was ignatius killed
thrown to wild beasts at the coliseum
who was the last of the five good emperors
who was justin martyr
a christian philosopher executed in 167 AD
who was blandina
a christian slave girl who was horribly tortured but would only proclaim that she was a christian
who ordered the execution of all church leaders?
41 emperors in 49 years
thrown to wild beasts despite having newborn babies
perpetua and felicitas
under whom were the citizens required to max sacrifices to the roman gods?
10th persecution (the great persecution)
what were some of the things diocletian did to eradicate christianity?
-burned biblical manuscripts
-burned church buildings and christian homes
-threw believers to the sea
church fathers were Godly men who:
-expounded on the scripture
-defended the faith
-championed the cause of christ
wrote Adress to the Greeks which proved christian superiority over greek religion
wrote "against all heresies" where he debunked gnosticism
what was gnosticism
a combination of greek philosophy, oriental religion, and christian theology
wrote the first systematic theology
argued for the deity of christ
translated the scriptures into the common latin of the day
what was jeromes latin translation of the scriptures called
the latin vulgate
the greatest of the church fathers, most important figure between Paul and martin luther
God is _______ God and __________ man
100% God and 100% man
extended legal protection and recognition to christians with the edict of milan in 313 AD
who attempted to institutionalize the church
eventually christianity became
the only legal state religion
early church worship included
-listening to scriptures
-celebrating the lords supper
institutionalized worship included
-elders were now priests