Chapter 9-Manifest Destiny Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9-Manifest Destiny Deck (33):
1

American settlement from sea to shining sea was called ____

Manifest Destiny

2

What was the two most pressing problems for the Indians in the mid-1800s?

Buffalo herds dwindling
emigrants crossing their lands

3

What was signed by the US Government and many Indian nations to keep the peace in the mid-1800s?

Treaty of Fort Laramie

4

Many families went to __ in the 1830s-1860s.

Oregon

5

Who was the most celebrated trail guide for Oregon bound pioneers?

Jim Bridger

6

A _____ is a pioneer who has no legal title to the land where they live.

Pioneer squatter

7

A dispute between Great Britain and the United States over the fate of the Oregon Territory was settled by treaty along the ____ line.

48th Paralell

8

What was the slogan by many Americans to obtain the entire Oregon Country?

54'40" or Fight!

9

Which country claimed California in the 1840s?

Mexico

10

What was found at Sutter's Mill, California in 1848?

Gold

11

What type of settler rushed to California in the 1850s?

Single men hoping to strike rich gold claims

12

What new invention did McCormick invent to harvest wheat on the Great Plains?

Reaper

13

What new invention allowed farmers to cut the tough sod on the prairies?

Steel Plow

14

Who invented the new Steel Plow

John Deere

15

Why did the Mexican encourage US settlers to move to Texas in the 1820s and 1830s?

To protest Mexico from Indian attacks from Oklahoma.

16

Who was the first leader of Texas setters in the 1820s?

Stephen Austin

17

What Mexican dictator decided in the mid-1830s that no more American settlers would be permitted into Texas

Santa Anna

18

What was the first major battle of the Texas Revolution in San Antonio?

Alamo

19

Where were over 300 Texans outright murdered by Santa Anna's troops in 1836?

Goliad

20

At what battle did the Texas beat Santa Anna and gain their independence?

San Jacinto

21

Who became the first President of the Republic of Texas.

Sam Houston

22

What did Texas change its name to when it became an independent country?

Lone Star Republic

23

What was the big question for many New Englanders that resisted supporting the Mexican War?

issues of expansion of slavery into new lands that would be won.

24

The Texas/Mexican disputed territory lay between ___ and ____ Rivers.

Nueces River and Rio Grande River

25

What US general crossed into the disputed territory that led to the declaration of war against Mexico?

Zachary Taylor

26

Where was the first blood shed during the Mexican War.

Palo Alto

27

During what years was the Mexican War?

1845-1847

28

What regions of the US desired war with Mexico in the 1840s?

Southern and Western states

29

What treaty ends the Mexican War?

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

30

Where was the Mexican Cession lands?

Texas, Southwest US, and California

31

Before California is ceded to the US, they attempted to create their own country called _____ for a few weeks.

The Bear Flag Republic

32

Which president refused to declare war on Mexico until the last moments before he left office?

John Tyler

33

Which president called for outright war against Mexico so that he could fulfill his promise of Manifest Destiny.

James K. Polk