Chapter 9 part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 part 2 Deck (20):
1

Lone-mother families are more likely than other types of families to spend a high percentage of their income on housing. What percentage do they spend?
a. 15 percent
b. 25 percent
c. 30 percent
d. 40 percent

30 percent

2

According to the text, what does social support include?
a. societal support and emotional and practical assistance
b. financial support provided through provincial funds
c. encouragement given by others to mix socially with adults
d. assistance provided by social service agencies such as child welfare

societal support and emotional and practical assistance

3

What is the term for informal networks of friends and relatives who provide information, assistance, and understanding?
a. social life
b. social scripts
c. social support
d. social services

social support

4

Which of the following best describes people with poor support systems?
a. They tend also to lack financial resources.
b. They are less likely to become clients of social service agencies.
c. They have too many interfering relatives.
d. They may not have the resources to cope with long-term stress.

They may not have the resources to cope with long-term stress.

5

Which of the following is a new source of support for lone parents?
a. family-friendly federal policies
b. the Internet
c. the school system
d. the legal system

the Internet

6

Why are children from lone-parent families more likely to have school problems than those from “traditional” families?
a. the lack of a role model
b. financial hardship
c. separation from a parent
d. joint custody

financial hardship

7

When do children from lone-parent families have more difficulties in both relationships and school?
a. when their mothers use a hostile parenting style
b. when their fathers use a permissive parenting style
c. when both parents are authoritative
d. when only their mothers are authoritative

when their mothers use a hostile parenting style

8

What behaviour is more likely in children whose mothers had numerous consecutive romantic partners?
a. being depressed and easily frustrated
b. being promiscuous
c. being anxious and aggressive
d. being in trouble with the law

being anxious and aggressive

9

Which of the following statements is true of young adults whose parents divorced before they were five?
a. They are less likely to have long-term emotional difficulties.
b. Their troublesome behaviour emerges only after their parents’ divorce.
c. They are less likely to have a child outside marriage.
d. They are more disruptive and unhappy.

Their troublesome behaviour emerges only after their parents’ divorce.

10

What is a major difficulty in explaining differences between children from lone-parent and two-parent families?
a. the lack of long-term follow-up
b. the recent changes in divorce
c. the great variety of lone-parent families
d. the failure to socialize children properly

the great variety of lone-parent families

11

What is the definition of a teenage mother?
a. a female who has her first child before the age of 20
b. a female who has her first child before the age of 18
c. a female who has her first child between the ages of 16 and 19
d. a female who has her first child between the ages of 14 and 16

a female who has her first child between the ages of 14 and 16

12

Teen births, especially second and third ones, are much more common among which group?
a. Canadian-born immigrants
b. visible minorities
c. Aboriginal peoples
d. foreign-born immigrants

Aboriginal peoples

13

Where do most of the youngest teen mothers live?
a. in shelters
b. at their parent’s home
c. with their boyfriend
d. with grandparents

at their parent’s home

14

Why are teen mothers unlikely to improve their financial status even when they marry?
a. Their partners typically have poor financial prospects.
b. Their partners are often in jail.
c. They are unlikely to work for long periods of time.
d. They spend money irresponsibly.

Their partners typically have poor financial prospects.

15

According to the text, which of the following is a symptom of boundary and role confusion when a teen mother lives with her parents?
a. deciding that the teen mother will have primary responsibility for her child
b. planning to get an apartment for herself and her baby once she has graduated
c. doing laundry for herself and her baby only
d. arguing over who should make rules for the child

arguing over who should make rules for the child

16

Which statement is true about lone fathers?
a. The percentage of lone fathers has decreased since 1986.
b. Men tend to become lone parents in their 20s.
c. The number of lone fathers has decreased because fewer gain custody.
d. Men are lone parents for shorter time periods.

Men are lone parents for shorter time periods.

17

What do we find when we compare lone mothers and lone fathers?
A. Lone fathers appear more responsible.
B. Lone mothers tend to become parents later in life.
C. There are more similarities than differences.
D. There are more differences than similarities.

There are more similarities than differences.

18

Where do similarities between lone mothers and lone fathers come from?
a. the fact that both are very likely to live in poverty
b. the similarities of their parenting techniques
c. men’s tendency to spend less time on “feminine” chores
d. they both experience many of the same stresses and frustrations

they both experience many of the same stresses and frustrations

19

In the future, what is likely to happen to lone-parent families?
a. They will probably decrease as a result of better contraception.
b. They will probably decrease as a result of poor economic times.
c. They will probably increase as a result of delayed marriages.
d. They will probably increase as a result of the growing divorce rate.

They will probably increase as a result of the growing divorce rate.

20

Which is true of fathers’ involvement with children in female-headed, lone-parent families?
a. It confuses the children and should be minimized.
b. It is important to the development of the children.
c. It is a problem because many were abusive when involved with the child’s mother.
d. It can be a challenge to the mother’s parental authority.

It is important to the development of the children.