Chapter 9 Reproductive System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Reproductive System Deck (17):
1

Gamete

Reproductive cell (spermatozoa in the male and ovum in the female)

2

Infertility

Persistent inability to conceive a child

3

Neonate

Infant from birth to 28 days of age

4

Ova

Female reproductive cells (plural of ovum)

5

Postpartum

Occurring after childbirth
[post-=after, behind; -partum=childbirth, labor]

6

Gynecology

Medical specialty concerned with diagnosis and treatment of female reproductive disorders, including conditions affecting the breasts.

7

Gynecologist

Physician who specializes in gynecology; includes both the surgical and the nonsurgical expertise

8

Obstetrics and gynecology (OB-GYN)

obstetrics is commonly studied in conjunction with gynecology so the medical practice commonly includes both areas of expertise; physician possess knowledge of endocrinology because hormones play an important role in the functions of the female reproductive system; as well as infertility, birth control, hormone imbalance.

9

Obstetrics

Branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth, including the study of the physiological and pathological functions of the female reproductive tract. Includes care of mother and fetus throughout pregnancy, childbirth, and the immediate postpartum period.

10

Obstetrician

Physician who specializes in obstetrics

11

Neonatology

Branch of medicine that concentrates on the care of the neonate and in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of neonates

12

Neonatologists

Physicians who specialize in providing medical care to the infant when the infant is born.

13

Urology

Branch of medicine specialize in in treating disorders of the male reproductive system.

14

Urologist

Specialist who diagnoses and manages male reproductive dysfunctions; uses diagnostic tests, medical and surgical procedures, and drugs to treat diseases, sexual dysfunctions, and infertility in male patients.

15

Female reproductive system

Internal organs: Ovaries, Fallopian tubes (oviducts, uterine tubes), uterus, vagina
External organs: vulva (aka genitalia); included are the mons pubis, labia majora, labia minors, clitoris, and Bartholin glands.
Design: to produce and transport ova, discharge ova, nourishes and provides a place for the developing fetus.
Hormones: estrogen and progesterone (produced by ovaries, responsible for development of secondary sex characteristics.)

16

Male reproductive system

Testes (aka gonads) produce gametes (sperm) and secrete sex hormones.
Sperm-transporting ducts: epididymis, vas deferens, ejaculatory duct, urethraprostate, and penis
Accessory glands: seminal vesicles, prostate gland, bulbouretheral glands
Copulatory organ: penis and erectile tissue
Design: essential in caring for and transporting sperm to the woman's reproductive tract for fertilization

17

Fertilization

Union of the male and female gametes to form a zygote, leading to the development of a new individual

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