Chapter 9 - Second Half Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 - Second Half Deck (22)
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Iconic Memory

A momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli; a photographic or picture memory lasting no more than a few tenths of a second.

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Echoic Memory

A momentary sensory memory of auditory stimuli; if attention is elsewhere, sounds and words can still be recalled within 3 or 4 seconds.

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Amnesia

Loss of memory.

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Implicit Memory

Retention independent of conscious recollection. (Procedural Memory)

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Explicit Memory

Memory of facts and experiences that one can consciously know and declare. (Declarative Memory)

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Hippocampus

A neural center that is located in the Limbic System and helps process explicit memories for storage.

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Recall

A measure of memory in which the person must retrieve information learned earlier as on a fill-in-the-blank test.

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Recognition

A measure of memory in which the person need only identify items previously learned as on a multiple choice test.

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Relearning

A memory measure that assesses the amount of time saved when learning material for a second time.

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Retrieval Cues

Bits of information associated with other information. These pieces of information can be like tags or hints that can be used to retrieve the information.

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Priming

The activation, often unconsciously, of particular associations in memory.

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Déjà vu

The eerie sense that 'I've experienced this before.' Cues from the current situation may subconsciously trigger retrieval of an earlier experience.

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Herman Ebbinghaus

Associated with the forgetting and relearning curve.

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Mood-Congruent Memory

The tendency to recall experiences that are consistent with one's good or bad mood.

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Proactive Interference

The disruptive effect of prior learning on the recall of new information.

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Retroactive Interference

The disruptive effect of new learning on the recall of old information.

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Repression

In psychoanalytic theory, the basic defense mechanism that banishes from consciousness anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memory.

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Misinformation Effect

The incorporating misleading information into one's memory of an event.

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Source Amnesia

Attributing to the wrong source an event we have experienced, heard about, read about, or imagined. Source amnesia along with the misinformation effect, is at the heart of many false memories.

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Method of Loci

Aids to remember long passages. Imagine moving through a familiar series of locations associating each place with a visual representation.

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Rosy Retrospection

Recalling high points while forgetting mundane moments. Remembering that something was better than it actually was.

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Elizabeth Loftus

A female psychologist that studies memory.