Chapter 9 The Urinary System A&P Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 The Urinary System A&P Deck (40):
1

is the process through which the body maintains a constant internal environment

homeostasis

2

is a waste product of muscle metabolism

creatinine

3

constantly filter the blood to remove waste products and excess water.

kidneys

4

means pertaining to the kidneys

renal

5

means behind the peritoneum, which is the membrane that lines the abdominal cavity

retroperitoneal

6

is the outer region of the kidney

renal cortex

7

is the inner region of the kidney, contains urine-collecting tubules

medulla

8

is a small tube

tubule

9

are the microscopic functional units of each kidney. urine is produced here

nephrons

10

is the return to the blood of some of the substances that were removed during filtration

reabsorption

11

is a cluster of capillaries surrounded by a cup-shaped membrane called the Bowman's capsule and a renal tubule

glomerulus

12

blood enters the kidney through this and flows into the nephrons

renal artery

13

blood cells leave the kidneys and return to the blood stream through the

renal vein

14

is the funnel-shaped area inside each kidney that is surrounded by the renal cortex and medulla

renal pelvis

15

are two narrow tubes, each about 10 to 12 inches long, which transport urine from the kidney to the bladder

ureters

16

is a series of wave-like contractions, moves urine down each ureter to the bladder

peristalsis

17

urine drains from the ureters into the bladder through this structure in the wall of the urinary bladder

ureteral orifices

18

means opening

orifice

19

is an oval, hollow muscular organ that is a reservoir for urine before it is excreted from the body

urinary bladder

20

is the tube extending from the bladder to the exterior of the body

urethra

21

one located at either end of the urethra. muscular rings control the flow of urine from the bladder into the urethra, and out of the urethra through the urethral meatus

urinary sphincter

22

is a ring-like muscle that closes a passageway

sphincter

23

means the external opening of a canal

meatus

24

is approximately 1.5 inches long, and the urethral meatus is located between the clitoris and the opening of the vagina

female urethra

25

is approximately 8 inches long, and the urethral meatus is located at the tip of the penis

male urethra

26

is part of the male reproductive system, and surrounds the urethra. sits posteriorly to the bladder

prostate gland

27

also known as voiding or micturition, is the normal process of excreting urine

urination

28

is a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the kidneys

nephrologist

29

is a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the urinary system of females and the genitourinary system of males

urologist

30

is kidney disease resulting from late-stage diabetes mellitus

diabetic nephropathy

31

spasms of pain in the abdomen

colic

32

in younger people, the inability to urinary when another person is present is

bashful bladder syndrome

33

is the use of a CAT scan to examine the kidneys

nephrotomography

34

is an artificial passage that allows the blood to flow between the body and the hemodialysis unit

shunt

35

which is a sterilized solution made up of water and electrolytes

dialysate

36

are the salts that conduct electricity and are found in the body fluid, tissue, and blood

electrolytes

37

provides ongoing dialysis as the patient goes about his or her daily activities

continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis

38

uses a machine to cycle the dialysate fluid during the night while the patient sleeps

continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis

39

is a band of fibers that holds structures together abnormally

adhesions

40

is the surgical removal of the entire prostate gland in cases where it is extremely enlarged or when cancer is suspected

radical prostatectomy

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