Chapter 9: Urinary System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 9: Urinary System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 9: Urinary System Deck (38):
1

What are the organs of the urinary system?

2 kidneys
2 ureters
urinary bladder
urethra

2

azot/o

nitrogenous waste

3

bacteri/o

bacteria

4

cyst/o

bladder

5

glomerul/o

glomerulus

6

glycos/o

sugar, glucose

7

keton/o

ketones

8

lith/o

stone

9

meat/o

meatus

10

nephr/o

kidney

11

noct/i

night

12

olig/o

scanty

13

protein/o

protein

14

pyel/o

renal pelvis

15

ren/o

kidney

16

ureter/o

ureter

17

urethr/o

urethra

18

urin/o

urine

19

ur/o

urine

20

-lith

stone

21

-lithiasis

condition of stones

22

-ptosis

drooping

23

-tripsy

surgical crushing

24

-uria

condition of the urine

25

What is another name of the urinary system?

genitourinary system

26

what happens to the blood if waste builds up?

It becomes toxic

27

Urine

Waste materials

28

Homeostasis

Maintain proper balance of water and chemicals in body

29

Electrolytes

Sodium
Potassium
Chloride
Bicarbonate

30

How is urine removed?

Urine drains from kidney through ureters to bladder, into urethra, and then out of body.

31

Where are the kidneys located?

Behind peritoneum

32

Retroperitoneal

behind peritoneum

33

Hilum

Concave area on edge of center

34

Cortex

Outer portion of kidneys

35

Medulla

Inner portion of kidneys

36

Pyramids

Triangular shaped structures in medulla with the kidney

37

Papilla

Tip of each renal pyramid within the kidney

38

What are the functions of the urinary system?

Maintain stable internal environment
Remove waste products
Adjust water and electrolyte levels
Maintain correct pH