Chapter 9: US Westward Expansion Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9: US Westward Expansion Deck (11):
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Stephen F. Austin

S P

Man who led some of the first several Americans west along the Brazos River

1

Land Grant

S P E

The gift of public land to an individual or organization

2

Antonio Lopez De Santa Ana

S P

He suspended the 1824 Mexican constitution and imprisoned Austin for inciting revolution , killed everyone in The Alamo

4

James K. Polk

S P I(?) E

Was a US president who urged war with Mexico, mainly for land and economic gain.

5

Zachary Taylor

S P I

He was Polk’s general, and he was supposed to march to Rio Grande and block the river in the war.

6

Stephen Kearny

S P I

He was Polk’s Colonel. Polk ordered Kearny to march west, from Kansas to Santa Fe…. Across the desert.

7

Republic of California

S P I E

Because he wandered across this big desert from Kansas to Santa Fe, Kearny stumbled across California and loudly proclaimed that it as the Republic of California

7

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

S P I E

It was when Mexico signed a treaty with us: they agreed on the Rio Grande border of Texas and ceded New Mexico and California to the United States.

8

Gadsden Purchase

S I E

This established the current borders of the lower 48 states.

9

forty-niners

S I T E

They were prospectors who flocked to California in 1849 in the Gold Rush, these people mainly being from Asia, South America, and Europe

10

gold rush

S I E

This was when there was lots of gold up in California and everyone traveled west thinking they could strike it rich.