Flashcards in Chapter Four Fill in the Blank Deck (19):
Waves of _________ and __________ brought new customs and lifestyles to many parts of west Europe
Many _______ plundered Europe and established kingdoms.
A group of Germanic peoples, the ________, did much to shape the culture of post-Roman Europe.
Charles Martel's calvary defeated the __________ in 732 when they invaded France.
Pepin's victory won him territory called the ________ when he gave the new land to the pope.
Donation of Pepin
The Donation of Pepin became the
Charlemagne's crowning as the "Emperor of the Roman's" regarded him as the successor to the __________.
The most feared invaders of Western Europe during the 800s and 900s were the ________ from Scandinavia.
By the 900s, most Europeans were governed by small, local _______, most often _________.
the local lords
The person who granted a fief as a ______.
The person who received a fief was a _______.
__________ was the system of inheritance from a father to the eldest son.
In theory, every landholder was a ______ to the king.
The ________ owned vast amounts of land and had many vassals who were granted fiefs.
Knights wore armor made of ________- small interlocking metal links.
A trial could be a duel between _______ and ________ in which the outcome determined ______ or _____.
Describe the three field planting system
two out of the three fields were planted so that the third field could lie unplanted for a season to regain its fertility
Most peasants called ________ could not leave the land unless the Lord allowed it.