Chapter Three: Rest of the Notes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter Three: Rest of the Notes Deck (58):
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Bedouins

these are the desert nomads/herders

1

sheikh

title of the Bedouin leader

2

the founder of the Islamic faith

Muhammed

3

Muhammed is known as the ___________

Last Prophet that god spoke to

4

The Islamic faith is the _______ largest world religion.

second
(1.5 billion people)

5

Jibreel

AKA Gabriel
was the angel that came and spoke to Muhammed

6

Why did the businessmen in Mecca object to Muhammed's teachings?

They thought that he was threatening their livelihood.

7

Allah

the one true god of Islam

8

Submit to Allah

You are required to submit your will/give yourself completely to Allah.

9

Muhammed flees to ________ in 622 A.D.

Medina

10

Medina is also known as

"The City of the Prophet"

11

Medina was renamed to

Yathrib

12

pilgrimmage

a holy journey

13

Hegira means

"flight"
was what they called the holy journey that Muhammed took in 630 AD

14

What marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar?
(first year)

Muhammed's hegira

15

What does Muhammed do when he returns to Mecca in 630 AD?

After returning, he wages war and takes control of the city.

16

What is the holy city of Islam?

Mecca
(Muhammed was born there/lots of important things happened here in regards to the Islamic faith)

17

Qur'an or Koran

the holy/sacred book of Islam
(also their law book)

18

name of the religion founded by Muhammed

Islam

19

a follower or believer of the faith

Muslim

20

Kaaba

the holy shrine of the Islamic world
(represents evil and wickedness of man)

21

Jihad means

to defend the faith

22

What is jihad?

It is holy war and it justifies fighting, killing, and murder.

23

If you die in battle (holy war)

you automatically receive salvation

24

Name the five pillars of Islam

1.Profession of the faith-individual must acknowledge Allah as 1 true god 2.pray five times a day(always facing Mecca/east) 3.obligated to pay a "zakat"-tax that goes for charity and to needy 4.fast during Ramadan-holy month 5.at least once in their life they must visit the holy city

25

Moors

Muslims who made their home in Spain
Spanish Muslims

26

Battle of Tours

a battle between Christians and Muslims

27

Why was the Battle of Tours important?

The Christian victory saved Europe for Christianity. (Islam was unable to gain a foothold in Europe)

28

sultan

a Turkish leader

29

astrolabe

navigational device used to calculate latitude and longitude using the stars

30

minaret

prayer towers

31

"Arabic" numerals

number system we use today introduced by Muslim scholars
(0-9)

32

What influence does the Qur'an have on the daily life of a Muslim?

It governs daily life in the Islamic world.

33

If you die while fighting for the faith you obtain

salvation

34

Jihad

a holy war

35

What emerged in the Muslim population after Muhammed's death and what was the major difference?

divisions
The major difference was about how to find a successor to Muhammed

36

Sunnis believe

that the successor to Muhammed should be elected

37

Shi'ites believe

that a descendent of Muhammed should be the successor

38

caliph

a successor to the Prophet

39

Merchants traded from

Europe, Asia, and Africa

40

Prosperity was due to

trade and commerce

41

dowry

what the bride brings into the marriage
a large wedding gift of property, money, or goods that the bride gives to the groom

42

If Allah waves his right hand at you, you receive

salvation

43

If Allah waves his left hand at you, you receive

condemnation

44

Blood money

here you can pay for your forgiveness for doing bad things
pay to get rid of punishment

45

Economic prosperity of Islamic empire due to

trade and commerce

46

Women in Islamic world had the right to

divorce their husbands

47

the first duty of all Muslims (according to the five pillars)

belief in one god, Allah (total submission)

48

Hejira, Imam, and Kaaba are all associated with

the Islamic faith

49

Islam changed status of women by

giving them legal and economic status

50

"People of the Book"

Christians and Jews

51

Islam spread rapidly after Muhammed's death because

the Arab world was united

52

Major contribution of Islamic scholars

they preserved learning for the modern world

53

Muslims consider the Koran the greatest book because

these are the words of Allah

54

"Ink of the scholar is holier than the blood of a martyr"

Muhammed said it.
Is saying that a person that is educated should be held in high regard

55

Five pillars of Islam include

1. being charitable 2. fasting during the holy month 3. making a trip to Mecca

56

characteristics of Muslim architecture

1. the Roman arches 2. domed roofs 3. minarets-prayer towers

57

Muslims in Asia, Africa, and Europe were united because

1. same language
2. same religion
3. same law system

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