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1

Which king decided that France should build a colony in North America?

King Louis XIII

2

Why did the French want to build a colony in North America

To have access to the abundant supply of furs and be the most powerful rulers in Europe

3

What was the trade monopoly that the king granted?

Only merchants within the group would be allowed to trade furs in the colony

4

Merchants

wealthy people who could put money towards building the colony with a perk to make it worth their time.

5

What was the perk of merchants putting money toward colonies?

they would control who could trade furs

6

Colony in new France was financed by

Merchants

7

New France supplied what to France?

Furs

8

The colony also served as an expansion to France, to gain what?

land and access to resources

9

What did Pierre de Monts do?

He was a French noble who received a monopoly and sailed to North America to set up a colony

10

When did Pierre de Monks and Samuel de Champlain sail to North America?

1604

11

Who was Samuel de Champlain?

a mapmaker and explorer

12

When did de Monts establish a settlement at Port Royal on the Bay of Fundy

spring of 1605

13

What does Arcadia meant?

an earthly paradise

14

What was Acadia?

where the first group of French set up a colony

15

Who lived in Acadia first?

the Mi'kmaq

16

Did the French interfere with the Mi'kmaq's activities?

No

17

What were the terms that the Mi'kmaq had over their land?

they were willing to share the land as long as they had access to it

18

What does the Mi'kmaq's generosity show about how they viewed their land and resources and territory?

Shows how they view their land and resources as something to be shared and because of the fur trade, show that they were open to meeting new people

19

How would the outcome be different if the French met the haudenosaunee first?

How this would of been different because the Haudenosaunees were more protective than the other groups

20

What did Acadia offer to poor farmers?

a place to make a new start

21

Who were the Acadians?

The French pioneers who formed a unique community and culture

22

Why was water transportation so important in those days?

because they did not have roads, water was their method of transport

23

algonquin what does it mean

The place where the river narrows

24

why did Champlain and his crew have such a difficult time in New France

because it is colder in New France, than Quebec, and it snowed outside unlike Quebec so it was a big difference for them

25

who where the coureurs de bois

were young French men who were lured into the fur trade became parents for many of the Metis children

26

who was one of the first coureurs de bois

Etienne brule

27

did brule go live with the wendat

yes

28

What did brûlé do with the wendat

he wanted to learn as much as he could about the wendat. and after a few years with living with them he began to speak there language.

29

did a wendat man go to live in New France

yes

30

what was the wendat mans name

Savigon

31

what did Savigon do in New France

it did not go well for Savigon, he learned to speak French but was eager to go back to North America, Savigon described France as a place, with beggars

32

many aboriginal people first encounter with various French people where...

cartier and the mi'kmaq
cartier and the haudenosaunee
mi'kmaq and the French (that became acadians)
Radisson and the mohawk
cartier and the wendat, montagnais, algonquin

33

what did the First Nations believed that the land should be

shared

34

what did the French thing of the land

they thought land was made to make colonies and a large group of people to rule.

35

what does filles de roi mean

it means the kings daughter

36

what did the women in New France do

tehy cared for homes and the children, and they helped with family finances,

37

how many women in New France became wives

900

38

New France needed France for

survival
colonists
military protection
money (to cover the colony’s expenses
skim

39

France needed New France for

resources such as furs and fish
power (imperial expansion – having

40

how did Frances government operate

they used something called Sovereign Council, to govern the colony. This council was made up of appointed councillors and three key officials

41

what where the named of the Three Key Officials

bishop, Intendant, governor

42

Who was the most powerful member of the Sovereign Council

the governor

43

who was the kings personal representative

the governor

44

who is the second most powerful member of the Sovereign Council

The Intendant

45

who managed the Sovereign Council

the indendant

46

Who is the bishop

The head of the church in the colony who played a leading role in politics as well.

47

What was the most common religion in New France?

Catholic

48

How did nun, priests and missionaries help build the colony in new france?

They held religious services, taughts schools, builts hospitals and helped the poor

49

What was the most important goal of the catholic church?

to spread catholic faith

50

The village of Ville-Marie was founded as a place where missionaries could do what?

to convert First Nations peoples to their catholic religion.

51

What is the village of Ville-Marie known as today?

Montreal

52

seigneurial system

where habitants grew crops build houses and natural resources

53

seigneur

a noble along the st.lawrence river

54

habitants

colonists who strips of land from the seigneur and set up farms

55

Colony

a territory of land that is controlled by another country

56

empires

networks of colonies controlled by a single country, sometimes called a home country

57

imperialism

represents this system of countries extending their control over other nations

58

Economics

europeans set up colonies so that could claim the resources of the land for themselves

59

In canada, the resource that Europe valued the most was

fur

60

Why did the French want the fur ?

so they could make hats

61

Competition

countries of Europe were often at war with one another as they competed for land and resources

62

What are the four reasons europeans wanted to expand their empires?

1. Economics
2. Competition
3. Religion
4. Curiosity

63

Jaques Cartier

a sea captain who was sent by the king of France to find a passage through north America to asia

64

Where did Jaques Cartier first arrive?

off the coast of Newfoundland

65

What aboriginal group did Cartier meet?

Mi'kmaq

66

Where did Cartier meet the haudenosaunnee?

a place he called Gaspe

67

When did Cartier return to north america

1535

68

What happened in the spring of 1536?

Cartier took Donnacona and nine other villagers back to Europe

69

Why did Cartier return to north america in 1542?

planned to set up a colony along the st.lawrence river

70

algonquin

the place where the river narrows