Chapter V Terminology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter V Terminology Deck (31):
0

First Continental Congress (1744)

Committee of delegates (all but Georgia) to determine how the colonies would react to "alarming threats" to their rights and liberties

1

Patrick Henry

A radical Virginian delegate at the first continental congress that demanded concessions from Britain.

2

Samuel Adams

A radical Massachusetts delegate at the first continental congress that demanded concessions from Britain.

3

John Adams

A radical Massachusetts delegate at the first continental congress that demanded concessions from Britain.

4

George Washington

A Virginian delegate at the first continental congress that was moderate.

5

John Dickinson

A Pennsylvanian delegate that was moderate at the first continental congress.

6

John Jay

A conservative delegate from New York who favored a mild statement of protest at the first continental congress.

7

Joseph Galloway

A conservative delegate from Pennsylvania who favored a mild statement of protest at the first continental congress. Proposed a plan similar to the Albany Plan of 1754 that would of formed a union of the colonies within the British empire.

8

Suffolk Resolves

A measure of the first continental congress that urged various colonies to resist the Intolerable acts by making military preparations and by applying economic.

9

Economic Sanctions

Boycotts

10

Declaration of Rights and Grievances

A petition passed at the first continental congress to the king urging him to redress colonial grievances and restore colonial rights. Recognized parliament's authority to regulate commerce.

11

Paul Revere

Warned Lexington and Concord of the British plan to take colonial military supplies.

12

William Dawes

Warned Lexington and Concord of the British plan to take colonial military supplies.

13

Minutemen

The militia of the colonies

14

Second Continental Congress (1775)

Split between New England delegates (wanted to split from Britain) and middle colonies (wanted to resolve by negotiating new relationship)

15

Declaration of the Causes and Necessities for Taking Up Arms

Called on colonies to provide troops and George Washington was declared commander-in-chief. (All part of 2nd continental Congress)

16

Olive Branch Petition

Sent to King George III, colonies pledged loyalty and asked king to intercede with Parliament to secure peace an the protection of colonial rights.

17

Prohibition Act (1775)

Declared colonies were in rebellion and prohibited all trade and shipping between England and the colonies. George III accepted it over the olive branch petition

18

Thomas Paine; Common Sense

Argued in clear favor of independence and the braking of all political ties with the British monarchy

19

Declaration of Independence

Formed by a committee and drafted by Jefferson. Listed specific grievances against George III's government and expressed basic principles that justifies revolution.

20

Patriots

40% of Americans that joined the war against the British. Mostly from New England and Virginia and most were not regular troops.

21

Loyalists (Tories)

Americans who fought on the British side during the revolutionary war.

22

Continentals

Paper money issued by congress that became worthless during the revolutionary war.

23

Battle of Saratoga

Turning point in American Revolution. France openly aided the states.

24

Treaty of Paris (1783)

1) Britain recognized US as independent nation
2) Mississippi River western boundary of US.
3) Americans had fishing rights off Canadian coast
4) Americans would pay debts owed to British merchants and honor loyalist claims of confiscated property

25

Articles of Confederation

Congress's modified plan of government originally written by John Dickinson.

26

Unicameral Legislature

Central government with one body- congress

27

Land Ordinance of 1785

Policy to set aside one section in each township for public education.

28

Northwest Ordinance of 1783

Set rules for creating new states. Granted limited self-government to the Great Lakes and Ohio river region and prohibited slavery in the region.

29

Shays' Rebellion

American uprising against high state taxes, imprisonment for debt, and lack of paper money.

30

Abigail Adams

John Adam's wife. Her pleas exemplified the remaining second class status despite their contribute in the war effort.