Flashcards in Chapter13 Patient Assessment Deck (71)
Identified by no chest wall movement and no sensation or sound of air moving in/out of the nose or mouth.
breathing of fluids into the lungs
What is the mnemonic for Assessment of Mental Alertness?
V = Responds to verbal stimulus
P= Responds to pain stimulus
Trauma that is caused by a force that impacts or is applied to the body but is not sharp enough to penetrate.
trauma that is a force that pierces the skin and body tissues, i.e knives, gunshots, tools, etc.
what is it when brain tissue, cerebrospinal fluid, and blood vessels are moved or pressed away from their usual position inside the skull?
What is a clear fluid that surrounds the brain and provides the organ with protection and support?
When a patient answer the question " Why did you call EMS today"
Difficult or labored breathing; shortness of breath is called?
involuntary flexion or extension of the arms and legs, indicating severe brain injury that is associated with compression of the lower brain stem is known as?
extension posturing (decerebrate posturing)
indicating severe brain injury that is associated with compression of the upper brain stem and causes patient to arches the back and flexes the arms inward toward the chest is known as?
flexion posturing (decorticate posturing)
the patient (or trauma professional) is restrained from moving the cervical spine.
an exam focused on a specific injury site
modified secondary assessment
To cause to become closed; obstruct: occlude an artery. 2. To prevent the passage of: occlude
What is dyspnea (shortness of breath) that occurs while lying down.
It is often a sign of heart failure
a type of breathing in which all or part of a lung inflates during inspiration and balloons out during expiration; the opposite of normal chest motion
open, unobstructed, or not closed.
a rapid, initial examination of a patient to recognize and manage all immediate life-threatening conditions
rapid head-to-toe exam
rapid secondary assessment
what is known as conduct that follows the secondary assessment
a continuation of the primary assessment, where the medical professional obtains vital signs, reassesses changes in the patient's condition, and performs appropriate physical examinations.
what is the mnemonic for pain assessment.
.Onset – Did the pain start suddenly or gradually get worse and worse?
Provokes/Palliates – Does anything make the pain better or worse?
Quality – What does the pain feel like?
Radiates – Point to where it hurts the most. Does the pain go anywhere from there?
Severity – How would you rate your pain on a scale of 0 to 10?
Time – How long have you had the pain?
what is the mnemonic to remember specific soft tissue injuries to look for during a person's assessment after a traumatic injury.
what is the mnemonic to remember key questions for a person's assessment.
S-Signs & symptoms
P- Past medical history
L-Last oral intake
E-Events leading to this episode
What the components of forming a general impression?
Estimate the patients age.
Note the patients sex.
Determine if the patient is a trauma or medical patient.
Obtain the patients chief complaint.
Identify (& mange) immediate life threats.
What life threats require immediate attention if found while forming a general impression.
- An airway compromised by vomitus, blood, secretion, tongue, teeth or any other objects.
- Obvious open wounds to the chest.
- Paradoxical movement of a segment of the chest.
- Major bleeding
-Unresponsive with no breathing or no normal breathing.
Pinch that extends from along the base of the neck to the shoulders
Pressure applied with finger under the upper ridge of the eye socket
hard downward pressure to the center of the sternum with knuckles