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Flashcards in Chapter13 Patient Assessment Deck (71)
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1

Identified by no chest wall movement and no sensation or sound of air moving in/out of the nose or mouth.

Apnea

2

breathing of fluids into the lungs

Aspiration

3

What is the mnemonic for Assessment of Mental Alertness?

AVPU
A= Alert
V = Responds to verbal stimulus
P= Responds to pain stimulus
U= Unresponsive

4

Trauma that is caused by a force that impacts or is applied to the body but is not sharp enough to penetrate.

blunt trauma

5

trauma that is a force that pierces the skin and body tissues, i.e knives, gunshots, tools, etc.

Penetrating trauma

6

what is it when brain tissue, cerebrospinal fluid, and blood vessels are moved or pressed away from their usual position inside the skull?

brain herniation

7

What is a clear fluid that surrounds the brain and provides the organ with protection and support?

cerebrospinal fluid

8

When a patient answer the question " Why did you call EMS today"

chief complaint

9

Difficult or labored breathing; shortness of breath is called?

dyspnea

10

involuntary flexion or extension of the arms and legs, indicating severe brain injury that is associated with compression of the lower brain stem is known as?

extension posturing (decerebrate posturing)

11

indicating severe brain injury that is associated with compression of the upper brain stem and causes patient to arches the back and flexes the arms inward toward the chest is known as?

flexion posturing (decorticate posturing)

12

the patient (or trauma professional) is restrained from moving the cervical spine.

in-line stabilization

13

an exam focused on a specific injury site

modified secondary assessment

14

To cause to become closed; obstruct: occlude an artery. 2. To prevent the passage of: occlude

occluded

15

What is dyspnea (shortness of breath) that occurs while lying down.
It is often a sign of heart failure

orthopnea

16

a type of breathing in which all or part of a lung inflates during inspiration and balloons out during expiration; the opposite of normal chest motion

paradoxical movement

17

open, unobstructed, or not closed.

patent

18

a rapid, initial examination of a patient to recognize and manage all immediate life-threatening conditions

primary assessment

19

rapid head-to-toe exam

rapid secondary assessment

20

what is known as conduct that follows the secondary assessment

reassessment

21

a continuation of the primary assessment, where the medical professional obtains vital signs, reassesses changes in the patient's condition, and performs appropriate physical examinations.

secondary assessment

22

what is the mnemonic for pain assessment.

.Onset – Did the pain start suddenly or gradually get worse and worse?

Provokes/Palliates – Does anything make the pain better or worse?

Quality – What does the pain feel like?

Radiates – Point to where it hurts the most. Does the pain go anywhere from there?

Severity – How would you rate your pain on a scale of 0 to 10?

Time – How long have you had the pain?

23

what is the mnemonic to remember specific soft tissue injuries to look for during a person's assessment after a traumatic injury.

DCAPBTLS

D-Deformity
C-Contusion
A-Abrasion
P-Puncture/Penetrating
B-Burns
T-Tenderness
L-Laceration &
S-Swelling

24

what is the mnemonic to remember key questions for a person's assessment.

S-Signs & symptoms
A-Allergies
M-Medications
P- Past medical history
L-Last oral intake
E-Events leading to this episode

25

What the components of forming a general impression?

Estimate the patients age.
Note the patients sex.
Determine if the patient is a trauma or medical patient.
Obtain the patients chief complaint.
Identify (& mange) immediate life threats.

26

What life threats require immediate attention if found while forming a general impression.

- An airway compromised by vomitus, blood, secretion, tongue, teeth or any other objects.
- Obvious open wounds to the chest.
- Paradoxical movement of a segment of the chest.
- Major bleeding
-Unresponsive with no breathing or no normal breathing.

27

Pinch that extends from along the base of the neck to the shoulders

Trapezius Pinch

28

Pressure applied with finger under the upper ridge of the eye socket

Supraorbital pressure

29

hard downward pressure to the center of the sternum with knuckles

Sternal rub

30

pinch of the soft tissue of the earlobe

Earlobe pinch