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Flashcards in Chapter16 Deck (10):
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Heritable characteristic that increases and organisms ability to survive and reproduce in an environment

Adaptation

1

Body parts that share a common function but not structure

Analogous structure

2

Selective breeding of plants and animals to promote the occurrence of desirable traits in offspring

Artificial selection

3

The study of past and present distribution of organisms

Biogeography

4

Change over time the process by which modern organisms have descended from ancient organisms

Evolution

5

How well an organism can survive and reproduce in its environment

Fitness

6

Preserved remains or traces of ancient organisms

Fossil

7

Structures that are similar in different species of common ancestry

Homologous structure

8

Process by which organisms that are most suited to their environment survive and reproduce most successful also called survival of the fittest

Natural selection

9

Structure that is inherited from ancestors but have lost much or all of its original function

Vestigial structure