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Flashcards in Chapter3 Deck (20):
1

Elite

Group of people who are affluent and intelligent and powerful
♦️only the elite can afford an education for their children
♦️public opinion is influenced by the small elite who control the media.

2

Underprivileged

Working class
#privileged
♦️educationally underprivileged groups
♦️socially underprivileged groups
♦️underprivileged sections of the community

3

Lease

Rent
♦️we lease all our equipment.
♦️they lease the land from a local farmer.
♦️a local farmer leased them the land.

4

Liable

Being responsible-prone
♦️you will be liable for ane damage caused.
♦️he could not be held personally liable for his wife's debts.
♦️partners are jointly liable for partnership's debts.
♦️we are all liable to make mistakes.
♦️the bridge is liable to collapse.
♦️you are more liable to injury.

5

Haggle over

To argue about the price of sth
♦️i left him in the market haggling over the prive of shirt.

6

Per capita

Per person
♦️average earnings per capita
♦️per capita income rose shary.

7

Shuttle(v)

Move back and forth between two places
♦️her childhood was spent shuttling between her mother and father.

8

Intrepid

Brave-fearless-reckless
♦️an intrepid explorer

9

Proportionate
Proportionately

Proportional
♦️increasing costs resulted in proportionate increase in prices
♦️the number of accidents is proportionate to the increased volume of traffic.

10

Prototype

نمونه اوليه
♦️the prototype of the modern bicycle
♦️scientists have devised a working prototype for a voice translation machine.
♦️the car is at the prototype stage.

11

Trend(v)

The direction or way in which sth is changing
♦️prices are trending upward.
♦️today's computer culture is trending toward touch screen technology.

12

Lecture(v)

♦️don't start lecturing me
♦️he is always lecturing her about the way she dresses
♦️she lectured me about taking responsibility for my actions

13

Whereas

Although-even though

14

Feature(v)

To include a person or thing as a feature
♦️many of the hotels featured in the brochure offer special deals for weekends.
♦️the latest model features alloy wheels.
♦️student housings feature larger rooms than what they did before
♦️women's magazines regularly feature diets.

15

Project(v)

Predict - forecast
♦️based on this year's success, apple is projecting same growth this year.
♦️a growth rate of 4% is projected for the next year.
♦️the unemployment rate is projected to fall.
♦️it is projected that the unemployment rate will plunge.

16

Presume(v)

Assume - hypothesize
♦️i presumed that he understood the rules
♦️i presumed him to be her husband.

17

Attribute

Quality-characteristic-trait-feature
♦️patience is one of the most important attributes of a teacher

18

Equivocal

Ambiguous
# unequivocal-plain-explicit-transparent-evident-apparent

19

Equivalent

Equal
♦️8 Km is roughly equivalent to 5 miles
♦️the new regulation was seen as equivalent to censorship

20

Coalition(n)

ائتلاف
♦️his coalition partner betrayed him.
♦️a new coalition is growing between partisans of animal rights.