Flashcards in chapters 10, 11, and 12 Deck (133)
name two treatises on organology.
Sebastian Virdung's "Musica getuscht" (1511)
Michael Praetorius's "Syntagma musicum" (1618-1620)
what is an instrumental family?
the construction of wind and string instruments in sets. ie. soprano, alto, tenor, bass varieties of an instrument. These were uniform in the timbre of the instrument.
what are the five types of instrumental music?
Dance music, arrangements of vocal music, settings of existing melodies for instruments, variations, and abstract instrumental works arising out of improvisatory practice and their transmition in fully notated form.
is the most important form of secular polyphonic song in Renaissance Spain
includes a refrain( estribillo) and one or more stanzas( coplas) and conclude with a return to the music of the refrain (vuelta)
Juan del Encina
first spanish playright and was a leading composer of villancicos
italian counterpoint to the villancico.
it is a four part strophic song set syllabically and homophonically, with the melody in the upper voice, marked rhythmic patterns, and simple diatonic harmonies
Frottola featured what kind of texts
simple music and earthly and satirical texts, but were neither folk nor popular songs. they were mock-popular songs written for the amusement of the courtly elite.
give some attributes of dance music.
improvisatory yet composed (ornamentation of a given melody), performed from memory, adding one or more contrapuntal parts to given melodies or bass lines, balances between homophony and simple counterpoint.
very distinct sections, usually two to four with repeat of individual sections.
clear phrase structure with focus on predictability
regularity and contrast built into the dance as a means of enhancing oral recognition (ie as a neumonic).
whats the difference between functional dance music and stylized dance music?
functional has people dancing to it, whereas stylized is meant for performance only. stylized began as a part of solo repertoire for lute.
Madrigal composers used texts by major poets these being
Francesco Petrarca, Ludovico Ariosto, torquato Tasso and Giovanni Battista Guarni
name two printers who printed dance music collections.
Ottaviano Petrucci and Pierre Ataignant.
A franco- flemish composer who worked in Florence and Rome for almost three decades before returning to France in 1551
Rise of the Madrigal was linked to Italian poetry- who led this
It was led by Cardinal Pietro Bembo.
What did WIllaert and Zarlino associate major thirds and sixths with
they associated them with harshness and bitterness
Willaert and Zarlino associates minor intervals with
sweetness as well as with grief.
Cipriano de Rore
The leading madrigal composer at midcentury.
worked chiefly in Ferrara and Parma
Composer and theorist who proposed reviving the chromatic and enharmonic genera of Greek music in his treatise
Famous women poets in 16th century
Vittoria Colonna, Veronica Franco, and Gaspara Stampa
first woman whos music was published and to regard herself as a professional composer.
Important composers of late 16th century madrigals
Orlande de Lassus and Phillippe de Monte, luca marenzio
Chief leading italian composer of madrigals.
he depicted contrasting feelings and visual details with the utmost artistry.
striking musical images, evoking the text in the music
prince of venosa
one of the most colourful figures in music history.
hes unusual among composers because he was an aristocrat and it was rare for nobility to composer or to seek publication for their music
a lively strophic piece in homophonic style, usually for three voices, first appeared in the 1540s and flourished epspecially in Naples
written in a vivacious, homophonic style with simple harmonies and evenly phrased sections that were often repeated.
written in a vivacious, homophonic style, with simple harmonies and evenly phrased sections that were often repeated.
the leading composer of canzonette and balletti.
the first french music printer, brought out more than fifty collections of such chansons.