Chapters 13, 14, 15 Flashcards Preview

7th World History A Beka > Chapters 13, 14, 15 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapters 13, 14, 15 Deck (42):
1

Who invented the movable-type printing press around 1440?

Gutenberg

2

What does the term "Renaissance" mean?

rebirth

3

What great task was completed in 1611?

the completion of the King James version of the Bible

4

Hugh Capet's coronation as king marked the birth of the _____ nation.

French

5

List 3 things Luther believed.

justification by faith, the authority of the Bible, the priesthood of all believers

6

Scandinavia includes what countries?

Norway, Denmark, Sweden, Finland

7

Who was the first great king of England?

Alfred

8

What English monarch broke from the Catholic church & made himself head of the Church of Enland?

Henry VIII

9

Those who were opposed to the king in the English civil War were called

Roundheads

10

William the silent defended the Protestant cause in

the Netherlands

11

Sir Francis Drake was a famous English

pirate

12

The famous scholar of the Northern Renaissance was

Desiderius Erasmus

13

What man is most responsible for sparking the Protestant Reformation?

Luther

14

Why was the defeat of the Spanish Armada vital to the cause of freedom in England?

It ensured, once & for all, England's independence from the Roman church.

15

Why was the signing of the Magna Carta in 1215 so important?

It established precedents of freedom by clearly defining the rights and privileges of the people.

16

the "people's priest" of Zurich

Ulrich Zwingli

17

Morning Star of the Reformation who had the Bible translated into English

John Wycliffe

18

French reformer who did a great work in Geneva

John Calvin

19

founder of the Jesuits

Ignatius Loyola

20

reformer from Bohemia burned at the stake for his beliefs

John Huss

21

Elizabeth I was one of the most beloved monarchs of the ______ people.

English

22

France ____ the Hundred Years' War against England.

won

23

William & Mary became king & queen of _____ as a result of the Glorious Revolution.

England

24

The ________ was instituted to judge suspected heretics and punish them if found guilty.

Inquisition

25

Gustavus Adolphus was a great ______ leader during the Thirty Years' War.

Protestant

26

Who was the most hated king in English history?

John

27

Who was the "Maid of Orleans" that rallied the French during the Hundred Years' War?

Joan of Arc

28

In what year did the Protestant Reformation begin?

1517

29

William the Conqueror defeated Harold's army at the Battle of _____, bringing William to the throne of England.

Hastings

30

What is another name for the Society of Jesus?

Jesuits

31

What nickname did Mary Tudor receive for her persecution of English Protestants?

Bloody Mary

32

What country did John Knox work to reform?

Scotland

33

Who is perhaps the greatest English author of all time?

Shakespeare

34

What name was given to baptized members of the Roman church who disagreed with Roman teaching?

heretics

35

The Battle of Bosworth Field ended England's Wars of the ______ and made Henry VII king of England.

Roses

36

Roman attempt to stop Catholics from becoming Protestant

Counter-Reformation

37

William the conqueror's census record for taxation purposes

Domesday Book

38

ended the Thirty Years' War

Peace of Westphalia

39

declared Luther a heretic and ordered his works burned

Edict of Worms

40

series of statements by Luther, denouncing certain Catholic teachings

Ninety-five Theses

41

Know the following locations on the map on page 53 of your atlas

England, Scotland, Northern Ireland, Ireland, London, Dublin, English Channel, Irish Sea, Wales, Thames River

42

Explain at least three reforms Martin Luther brought to the church. How did the Roman church respond to these reforms?

Luther translated the New Testament into German and promoted popular education for all people. Luther changed the church service - church services would no longer be dominated by a priest, services were no longer in Latin, preachers no longer wore elaborate clothes, the Lord's supper was available to all, sermons were given preeminence, and church music was emphasized. The Roman church responded by declaring Luther a heretic and ordering his books burned and excommunicating Luther from the church.