Chapters 13 & 14 Flashcards Preview

History > Chapters 13 & 14 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapters 13 & 14 Deck (29):
1

What area was under joint occupation with Britain in the early 1800’s?

Oregon

2

How did the mountain men of Oregon make a living?

Trapping beaver

3

Why did Americans begin traveling to Oregon?

Fertile land for farming

4

What is Manifest Destiny?

Belief that America should extend its boundaries all the way to the Pacific Ocean

5

Who recruited 300 American families to help settle land in Mexico?

Stephen F. Austin

6

Who led the Mexican troops in the Battle of the Alamo?

Santa Anna

7

Who was the backwoodsman from Tennessee who volunteered fight at the Alamo?

Davy Crockett

8

What did the defenders of the Alamo do for the Texan fight?

Bought the Texans much needed time

9

Who became commander in chief of the Texan forces?

Sam Houston

10

What was the surprise attack that killed 600 Mexicans and captured 700 Mexicans,
including Santa Anna?

Battle of San Jacinto

11

What was the rallying cry of the men at this battle?

Remember the Alamo

12

What was formed in Texas after Santa Anna surrendered?

Lone Star Republic

13

What were the 3 reasons Polk was determined to control NM and CA?

Trade, creating a clear passage way to the Pacific Ocean, and Manifest Destiny

14

Where did America believe the southern border of Texas was? Where did Mexico
believe it was?

America: Rio Grande River
Mexico: Nueces River

15

What was the cause of the Mexican American War?

Mexican troops attacked Zachary Taylor and his troops in the disputed border area

16

What did Mexico end up losing after the war?

Half of its territory

17

The signing of what ended the Mexican American War?

Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo

18

What did Mexico give up in the Mexican Cession?

California and New Mexico

19

Why did the Mormons go to Utah?

Their leader, Joseph Smith, was killed and they left so they could safely practice their religion

20

Who led the Mormons to the Great Salt Lake area?

Brigham Young

21

How were mining towns run if there were no jails or police?

Vigilance committees

22

What did the California Gold Rush do to the earth’s gold supply?

More than doubled it

23

Who was the Jewish Immigrant who sold the miners pants made of denim?

Levi Strauss

24

The Gold Rush had long lasting effects on what?

California's economy

25

What finalized the American mainland?

The Gadsden Purchase

26

What united the East to the Midwest in 1860?

Railroad tracks

27

Why did people from Ireland migrate to the US (What was wrong in their
country)?

Potato famine

28

What was “king” in the American South and what city was the “capital”?

Cotton and Memphis

29

Who owned small farms of 50 to 200 acres in the South?

Yeoman farmers