Chapters 19&20 Flashcards Preview

AP World History > Chapters 19&20 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapters 19&20 Deck (23):
1

What empires were the Islamic empire

Safavid, Mughal, and ottoman

2

What was the name of the ruler in the Ottoman Empire

Sultan

3

Janissarys

Like Christian pic but got paid and grew power
-accepted idea of fighting on foot and using guns

4

Devshrime

Government would pick promising boys in Christian villages and place them with Turkish families to learn language before placing them in the military

- most promising would receive education in instanbul

5

Raya

Paid for sultan taxes and in return the sultan provides him with justice

6

Would military have to pay taxes?

No they were exempted and depended on sultan for well being also got land grant(later went away when govt was weakening)

7

New rules about janissaries

Could now marry and engage in business but took a toll on their military skills

8

True or false: govt wanted to decrease Calvary and increase janissaries

True

9

Why did military go down?

Janissaries would hire substitutes

10

Did sultans have a lot of power towards end

No they had little experience in real world and stayed in palace

11

What empires were in the gunpowder empire

Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal

12

Who founded the Mughal empire

Babur

13

Who was baburs grandson

Akbar

14

What were akbar's accomplishments while he was empire of the Mughal empire

-conquered all but southern tip of India
-granted land grants to military and govt officials
-

15

Did the Mughal empire have a navy?

No

16

Mansabs

Land grants

17

What was Mughals main port

Surat-- also served as stopping point for Muslims going to Mecca

18

70% of Mansabdors(officials holding land grants) were Muslim or Hindu

They were Muslim

19

Akbar's main goal

To make Hindus and Muslims get along- he a married Hindu woman so his descendants would be both

20

Divine faith

Created by Akbar
Incorporated Hindu, Sikh, Christian, and Zoroastrian, and Muslim

21

Most heavy population part of Muslims were in...

Indus River valley and Bengal

22

Mughal empire was ruled by

Sultans

23

Nanak

First guru(spiritual teachers) stressed meditation and enlightenment