Chapters 19 & 21 Flashcards Preview

Semester 2 History > Chapters 19 & 21 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapters 19 & 21 Deck (36):
1

Invented the incandescent lightbulb

Thomas Edison

2

created less expensive and better quality iron
Built the world's first iron bridge

Darby family

3

Iron was made stronger because they used - instead of charcoal

Coal

4

urged Christians to social services.

Social gospels

5

insisted on better care in the field hospitals and introduced sanitary measures.

Florence Nightingale

6

-"strokes of color with no blending."

Impressionism

7

Used impressionism a lot

Claude Monet

8

cotton gin which separated seeds from the raw cotton at a fast rate.

Eli Whitney

9

separated seeds from the raw cotton at a fast rate.

Cotton gin

10

belief that one group is superior to another.

Racism

11

teeny rooms in multistory buildings.

Tenement living

12

The goods kept in a warehouse

Stock

13

Working class was called the - - "the have - nots"

Proletariat

14

private toll roads that required a fee

Turnpikes

15

Father of the Industrial Revolution

James Watt

16

An organized association of workers often in a trade or profession, formed to protect and further their rights and interests

Labor unions

17

the movement of people to cities

Urbanization

18

wrote "the Origin of Species"

Charles Darwin

19

money used to invest in business organizations

Capital

20

artistic style emphasizing imagination, freedom, and emotion.

Romanticism

21

invented the seed drill - seeds in a row

Jethro Tull -

22

caused the small farmers to lose their farms because they could not compete.

Enclosure -

23

Industrial revolution started in

Britain

24

Cause of growth of cities

Urbanization

25

Women were hired over men because

They were paid half of what men were paid

26

Positive effects of industrial revolution

Urbanization - the movement of people to cities
"Rags to riches" - rise from poverty to a position in society

27

"greatest happiness for the greatest number"

Utilitarianism

28

Thomas Malthus - best known for his writings about

population and the food supply

29

Robert Owen - a utopian who advocated

labor unions.

30

a campaign to limit or ban the use of alcoholic beverages.

Temperance

31

Women's suffrage

Women's right to vote.

32

Idealized women in the home.

Cult of Domesticity

33

- rebuilding of the poor areas of a city.

Urban renewal

34

Mysterious, melancholy figure; out of step with society. Often hid a guilty secret..

Romantic hero

35

Contributed significantly to the study of electromagnetism and discovered the law of electrolysis.

Michael Faraday

36

Thoroughly explain the three main events of Industrialization AND why each occurred.

Urbanization- jobs, enclosure system, technology,
Factory systems, quicker, pop=demand=factories-workers
Western dominance- Britain/ North America coal. Cotton, tobacco, we had everything.