Chapters 34, 36 & 37 Flashcards Preview

Nursing Foundations > Chapters 34, 36 & 37 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapters 34, 36 & 37 Deck (37):
1

Body Image

Peoples' subjective concept of their physical appearance.

2

Identity

Component of self-concept characterized by one's persisting consciousness of being oneself, separate and distinct from others.

3

Identity confusion

Results when people do not maintain a clear, consistent, and continuous consciousness of personal identity.

4

Role ambiguity

Unclear role expectations which makes people unsure and causes stress and confusion.

5

Role conflict

Result when a person simultaneously assumes two or more roles that are inconsistent contradictory, or mutually exclusive.

6

Role overload

Involves having more roles or responsibilities within a role than are manageable.

7

Role performance

is the way in which individuals perceive their ability to carry out significant roles (e.g., parent, supervisor, partner, or close friend).

8

Role strain

Combines role conflict and role ambiguity. Some express role strain as a feeling of frustration when a person feels inadequate or unsuited to a role such as providing care for a family member with Alzheimer's disease.

9

Self-concept

Complex, dynamic integration of conscious and unconscious feelings, attitudes, and perceptions about one's identity, physical being, worth, and roles; how a person perceives and defines self.

10

Self-esteem

Feeling of self-worth characterized by feelings of achievement, adequacy, self-confidence, and usefulness.

11

Sick role

Involves the expectations of others and society regarding how an individual behaves when sick.

12

Agnostic

Individual who believes that any ultimate reality is unknown or unknowable.

13

Atheist

Individual who does not believe in the existence of God.

14

Connectedness

Having close spiritual relationships with oneself, others, and God or another spiritual being.

15

Faith

Set of beliefs and a way of relating to self, others, and a Supreme Being.

16

Holistic

Of or pertaining to the whole; considering all factors.

17

Hope

Confident but uncertain expectation of achieving a future goal.

18

Self-transcendence

Sense of authentically connecting to one's inner self.

19

Spiritual distress

State of being out of harmony with a system of beliefs, a Supreme Being, or God.

20

Spirituality

Spiritual dimension of a person, including the relationship with humanity, nature, and a supreme being.

21

Spiritual well-being

Individual's spirituality that enables a person to love, have faith and hope, seek meaning in life, and nurture relationships with others.

22

Transcendence

The belief that there is a force outside of and greater than the person that exists beyond the material world.

23

Actual loss

Loss of an object, person, body part or function, or emotion that is overt and easily identifiable

24

Anticipatory grief

Grief response in which the person begins the grieving process before an actual loss.

25

Bereavement

Response to loss through death; a subjective experience that a person suffers after losing a person with whom there has been a significant relationship.

26

Grief

Form of sorrow involving the person's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that occurs as a response to an actual or perceived loss.

27

Hope

Confident but uncertain expectation of achieving a future goal.

28

Hospice

System of family-centered care designed to help terminally ill people be comfortable and maintain a satisfactory lifestyle throughout the terminal phrase of their illness.

29

Ambiguous loss

A type of disenfranchised grief, can occur when the lost person is physically present but not psychologically available, as in cases of severe dementia or brain injury.

30

Autopsy

The surgical dissection of a body after death. To determine the exact cause of circumstances of death or discover the pathway of a disease.

31

Complicated grief

A person has a prolonged or significantly difficult time moving forward after a loss.

32

Disenfranchised grief

When their relationship to the deceased person is not socially sanctioned, cannot be shared openly, or seems of lesser significance.

33

Postmortem care

Care of a patient's body after death.

34

Perceived loss

Loss that is less obvious to the individual experiencing it. Although easily overlooked or misunderstood, a perceived loss results in the same grief process as an actual loss.

35

Situational loss

Loss of a person, thing, or quality resulting from a change in a life situation, including changes related to illness, body image, environment, and death.

36

Normal (uncomplicated) grief

Is a common and universal reaction characterized by complex emotional, cognitive, social physical, behavioral, and spiritual responses to loss and death.

37

Organ and tissue donation

In accordance with federal law, a specially trained professional (transplant coordinator or social worker) makes request for organ and tissue donation at the time of every death. The person requesting organ or tissue donation provides information about who can give consent legally, which organs or tissues can be donated, associated costs, and how donation affects burial or cremation.