Chapters 5 and 6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapters 5 and 6 Deck (91):
1

amyl/o

starch

2

an/o

anus

3

append/o

appendix

4

appendic/o

appendix

5

bil/i

bile, gall

6

bilirubin/o

bilirubin

7

bronch/o

bronchial tube

8

bucc/o

cheek

9

cec/o

cecum (first part of the colon)

10

celi/o

belly, abdomen

11

cervic/o

neck, cervix (neck of uterus)

12

cheil/o

lip

13

chlorhydr/o

hydrochloric acid

14

chol/e

bile, gall

15

cholangi/o

bile vessel

16

cholecyst/o

gallbladder

17

choledoch/o

common bile duct

18

cib/o

meal

19

cirrh/o

orange-yellow

20

col/o

colon (large intestine)

21

colon/o

colon (large intestine)

22

dent/i

tooth

23

duoden/o

duodenum

24

enter/o

intestines (usually small intestine)

25

esophag/o

esophagus

26

eti/o

cause

27

gastr/o

stomach

28

gingiv/o

gum

29

gloss/o

tongue

30

gluc/o

glucose, sugar

31

glyc/o

glucose, sugar

32

glycogen/o

glycogen, animal starch

33

hem/o

blood

34

hemat/o

blood

35

hepat/o

liver

36

herni/o

hernia

37

idi/o

unknown, individual, distinct

38

ile/o

ileum

39

pancreat/o

pancreas

40

peritone/o

peritoneum

41

pharyng/o

throat (pharynx)

42

proct/o

anus and rectum

43

prote/o

protein

44

pylor/o

pylorus, pyloric sphincter

45

rect/o

rectum

46

sialaden/o

salivary gland

47

sigmoid/o

sigmoid colon

48

splen/o

spleen

49

steat/o

fat, sebum

50

stomat/o

mouth

51

tonsill/o

tonsil

52

-ase

enzyme

53

-centesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid

54

-chezia

defecation, elimination of wastes

55

-ectasia

dilation, dilatation, widening

56

-ectasis

dilation, dilatation, widening

57

-ectomy

removal, excision, resection

58

-emesis

vomiting

59

-emia

blood condition

60

-genesis

producing, forming

61

-graphy

process of recording

62

-iasis

abnormal condition

63

-lysis

breakdown, separation, destruction, loosening

64

-megaly

enlargement

65

-orexia

appetite

66

-ptosis

falling, drooping, prolapse

67

-rrhage

bursting forth (of blood)

68

-rrhagia

bursting forth (of blood)

69

-rrhaphy

suture

70

-rrhea

flow, discharge

71

-scopy

visual examination

72

-spasm

sudden contraction of muscles

73

-stasis

stopping, controlling, placing

74

-stenosis

tightening, stricture

75

-stomy

new opening (to form a mouth)

76

-tomy

process of cutting

77

-tresia

opening

78

IBD

inflammatory bowel disease
Chron disease and ulcerative colitis

79

GERD

gastroesophageal reflux disease
heartburn

80

EGD

esophagogastroduodenoscopy
endoscopic visualization of the upper GI tract

81

BRBPR

bright red blood per rectum
hematochezia

82

BE

barium enema
lower GI series

83

cholecystectomy

excision or removal of the gall bladder

84

colonoscopy

visual examination of the colon

85

gastrojejunostomy

new opening (to form a mouth) between jejunum and stomach

86

hypoglossal

pertaining to the tongue below

87

pyloroplasty

surgical repair of the pyloric sphincter

88

stomatitis

inflammation of the mouth

89

amylase

enzyme that breaks down starch

90

cholelithiasis

abnormal condition of a stone in bile or gall

91

steatorrhea

flow of fat