Chapther 23 Abodominal, Hematological, Gynecologic, Genitourinary and renal emergency Flashcards Preview

Prehospital Emergency Care > Chapther 23 Abodominal, Hematological, Gynecologic, Genitourinary and renal emergency > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapther 23 Abodominal, Hematological, Gynecologic, Genitourinary and renal emergency Deck (52)
1

the largest artery in the abdominal cavity

abdominal aorta

2

when the large blood vessel (aorta) that supplies blood to the abdomen, pelvis, and legs becomes abnormally large or balloons outward.

abdominal aortic aneurysm

3

largest hollow space of the body. Its upper boundary is the diaphragm, a sheet of muscle and connective tissue that separates it from the chest cavity; its lower boundary is the upper plane of the pelvic cavity.

abdominal cavity

4

a sudden, severe abdominal pain of unclear etiology that is less than 24 hours in duration.

acute abdomen

5

swelling (inflammation) of the appendix. The appendix is a small pouch attached to the beginning of your large intestine.

appendicitis

6

a pain in the right upper quadrant or epigastric region. The gallbladder may be tender and distended.

cholcytstis

7

one of the two fluids used in dialysis. The other fluid being blood.

dialysate

8

procedure that is a substitute for many of the normal duties of the kidneys.

dialysis

9

a medical condition of pain during menstruation that interferes with daily activities

dysmenorrhea

10

is an often painful disorder in which tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus

endometriosis

11

an inflammation or irritation of the lining of the uterus

endometeritis

12

extremely dilated sub-mucosal veins in the lower third of the esophagus

esophageal varices

13

a catchall term for infection or irritation of the digestive tract, particularly the stomach and intestine

gastroenteritis

14

the organ system of the reproductive organs and the urinary system.

genitourinary system

15

knees drawn to the chest and hands clenched over the abdomen

guarded position

16

medical practice dealing with the health of the female reproductive system (uterus, vagina, and ovaries).

gynecology

17

the vomiting of blood

hematemesis

18

defecation in which feces are bloody

hematochezia

19

is the presence of red blood cells (erythrocytes) in the urine

hematuria

20

protrusion of an organ or the fascia of an organ through the wall of the cavity that normally contains it.

hernia

21

is a partial or complete blockage of the bowel that prevents the contents of the intestine from passing through

intestinal obstruction

22

abdominal wall muscle contraction that the patient cannot control, as a result of an inflamed peritoneum

involuntary guarding

23

the patient stands on his or her toes, then allows his or her heels to hit the floor, thus jarring the body and causing abdominal pain in peritonitis.

Markel test

24

the passage of dark stools stained with altered blood

melena

25

the first menstrual cycle, or first menstrual bleeding, in female humans

menarche

26

the periodic flow of blood and mucosal tissue from the uterus; menstrual flow.

menses

27

a medical term for "ovulation pain" or "midcycle pain".

mittelschmerz

28

an inflammation of the pancreas

pancreatitis

29

a sharp sensation of distress in the parietal pleura, aggravated by respiration and thoracic movements and caused by pneumonia

parietal pain

30

a term for inflammation of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and/or ovaries as it progresses to scar formation

pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

31

a semi-permeable membrane that lines the abdominal wall (parietal peritoneum) and covers the abdominal organs (visceral peritoneum).

peritoneum

32

is an inflammation of the membrane which lines the inside of the abdomen and all of the internal organs

peritonitis

33

term used to describe the phenomenon of pain perceived at a site adjacent to or at a distance from the site of an injury's ...

referred pain

34

stones in the kidneys or ureters that have been formed by precipitation from a substance in the urine.

renal calculi

35

Stiffness, the property of a solid body to resist deformation, which is sometimes referred to as

rigidity

36

a type of nociceptive pain. Unlike visceral pain (another type of nociceptive pain), the nerves that detect _______ pain are located in the skin and deep tissues. These specialized nerves, called nociceptors, pick up sensations related to temperature, vibration and swelling in the skin, joints and muscles.

somatic pain

37

open sores that develop on the inside lining of your esophagus, stomach and the upper portion of your small intestine

ulcers

38

the navel; the scar marking the site of attachment of the umbilical cord in the fetus

umbilicus

39

medical specialty concerned with the urinary system in the male and female and genital organs in the male.

urology

40

results from the the activation of nociceptors of the thoracic, pelvic, or abdominal viscera (organs).

visceral pain

41

when a patient contracts the abdominal muscle in an anticipation of pain

voluntary guarding

42

hollow, dilated part of the digestion system which functions as an important organ of the digestive tract

Stomach

43

the first section of the small intestine and is largely responsible for the breakdown of food in the small intestine, using enzymes

Duodeum

44

part of the gastrointestinal tract following the stomach and followed by the large intestine, and is where much of the digestion and absorption of food takes place. It receives bile juice and pancreatic juice through the hepatopancreatic duct, controlled by Sphincter of oddi.

Small intestine

45

part of the digestive system. Its function is to absorb water from the remaining indigestible food matter, and then to pass useless waste material from the body.[

Large intestine

46

a wide range of functions, including detoxification, protein synthesis, and production of biochemicals necessary for digestion.

Liver

47

a small organ where bile is stored, before it is released into the small intestine. In humans, the loss of the gallbladder, in most cases, is easily tolerated by the body.

Gallbladder

48

an organ that's Similar in structure to a large lymph node, it acts primarily as a blood filter

Spleen

49

It is both an endocrine gland producing several important hormones, including insulin, glucagon, somatostatin, and pancreatic polypeptide, and a digestive organ, secreting pancreatic juice containing digestive enzymes that assist the absorption of nutrients and the digestion in the small intestine.

Pancreas

50

organs that serve several essential regulatory roles in vertebrate animals. They are essential in the urinary system and also serve homeostatic functions such as the regulation of electrolytes, maintenance of acid–base balance, and regulation of blood pressure (via maintaining salt and water balance). They serve the body as a natural filter of the blood, and remove wastes, which are diverted to the urinary bladder

Kidney

51

a hollow organ in your lower abdomen that stores urine

urinary bladder

52

what condition can cause acute abdominal pain?

peritonitis
appendicitis
pancreatitis
gastroenteritis
abdominal aortic aneurysm
hernia
cholcytstis