Flashcards in Chater 9 Deck (40):
Who were the first President and Vice President in American history?
George Washington and John Adams
What did the State Department of the Executive Branch deal with??
It handled relations with other nations
What did the treasury department of the executive branch deal with?
It felt with financial matters.
What did the war department of the executive branch deal with?
Dealt with nations defense
Who makes up the cabinet of the President?
Secretary of State, war, and treasury along with the Attorney General.
Who was the first Secretary of State and Secretary of Treasury?
Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton
What job title did Alexander Hamilton hold?
Secretary of treasury
What act established a federal court system?
The judiciary act of 1789
What could federal courts do to state laws if deemed necessary?
Overturn state laws
Who was John Jay?
First Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
What is a national debt?
The amount of money the gov't owes.
What did Alexander Hamilton want to do with state debts after the war?
He proposed a plan that would have the federal gov't take care of the state debts from the war
What area in America was against his plan and why did they feel this way?
The south because they owed less than the north and didn't want to pay more then their fair share.
Why did the South agree to accept Hamilton’s plan to lessen the national debt?
They moved the capital to the south, Washington, D.C.
Why did Hamilton feel that it was ok for him to create a national bank?
He said it fell within the intent of the constitution
What is a tariff?
A tax on imported goods
What was the Whiskey Rebellion?
A civil uprising against the taxing power of the federal gov't
Why did Washington not want to run for a third term to the Presidency?
He wanted to retire back to his home in mount Vernon
What limits the power of the gov’t and protects the rights of the individual?
Bill of Rights
What amendments make up the Bill of Rights?
1st 10 amendments
What five civil liberties does the 1
Freedom of speech, religion, assembly, press, and petition the government
What does the 2
Amendment give you the right to own?
What does the 4th Amendment protect you from? (Placed as a result of the Sugar Act)
Protects against unreasonable searches and seizures.
What Amendment is important for people accused of committing crimes?
According to the 5th Amendment, natural rights cannot be taken away without what?
Do process of law
What amendment gives you the right to a speedy, public trial by an impartial jury?
What does the 9
Amendment keep the government from doing?
It prevents them from claiming that the bill of rights are the only rights Americans have
What was given power in the 10
Amendment for protection?
It's used as protection from the powers of the national gov't.
What are 3 aspects of the Federalist Party?
Favored a strong federal gov't, rule by wealthy, and loose interpretation of the constitution.
What are 4 aspects of the Democratic-Republican Party?
Sate banks, state gov't, rule by people, and strict interpretation of the constitution
How did Washington feel about political parties?
He believed it divided the people and kept the gov't from working together.
What is favoring one side in a political decision?
Before the Election of 1796, what was held for the first time to determine Presidential candidates?
What was the crisis with France involving three agents that tried to get money from America?
Why were three acts created after the XYZ Affair?
To protect the security of the nation and slow immigration
What was the Naturalization Act?
Required aliens to live in the US for 14 years before being able to apply for citizenship.
What were the Alien Acts?
Allowed president to deport aliens
What was the Sedition Act?
A crime to speak or write false criticisms to try and weaken gov't
What Amendment did the Sedition Act contradict?