Flashcards in Chemical Biological And Radiological Warfare Deck (23):
What is chemical warfare?
the employment of chemical agents that are intended for use in military operations to kill, seriously injure, or incapacitate personnel due
to their physiological effect
Liquid casualty agents that disrupt nerve impulses to the body while damaging body functions rather than tissue
Examples of nerve agents
Sarin (GB), Tabun (GA), SOMAN (GD), and VX.
Liquid or solid casualty agents that can cause inflammation, blisters, and general destruction of tissues which often results in temporary blindness and/or death
Examples of blister agents
Distilled mustard (HD), Lewisite (L), Phosgene Oxime (CX), and Levinstein Mustard (HL)
Gaseous casualty agents that attack the enzymes carrying oxygen in the blood stream. Rapid breathing or choking may occur due to lack of oxygen in the blood
Examples of blood agents
Hydrogen Cyanide (AC), Cyanogen Chloride (CK), and Arsine (SA).
Gaseous casualty agents with initial symptoms that include; tears, dry throat, nausea, vomiting, and headache.
Examples of choking agents
Phosgene (CG) and Diphosgene
M9 chemical agent detector paper
Turns red does not detect chemical agent vapors
Atropine/2-PAM-chlorine auto injector
Therapy for nerve agent casualties
What is biological warfare?
the use of agents to cause disease, sickness, or death to reduce the effectiveness of opposing combatant forces
bacteria, rickettsia, viruses, fungi, protozoa and prions
- The major groupings by source are mycotoxins (which are from fungi), bacterial toxins, algal toxins, animal venoms and plant toxins.
- The primary groups based on physiological effects are neurotoxins, cytotoxins, enterotoxins and dermatoxins
Individual Protective Equipment
Protective mask MCU-2P with components (C-2 canister filter)
What are the types of nuclear explosions?
- High altitude air burst occurs at altitudes in excess of 100,000 feet, with ionosphere disruptions and EMP.
- Air burst where fireball does not reach the surface. The vacuum created collects debris caused by the severe blast damage resulting in radiation fallout.
- Surface Burst has the worst fallout due to the fireball touching the surface which results in massive radioactive fallout.
- Shallow underwater burst has a small fireball and blast wave however, it causes large waves and water contamination.
- Deep underwater burst is similar to the shallow underwater burst but with less visual effect and yields greater contaminated water.
What are the two types of shielding stations?
MOPP level 0
Issue IPE, accessible within five minutes
MOPP level 1
- Afloat. JSLIST, MASK, Gloves readily accessible.
- Ashore. Don protective equipment, M9 tape.
MOPP level 2
- Afloat. Mask carried, decon supplies stage.
- Ashore. Additional to level 1 is don protective over-boots.
MOPP level 3
- Afloat. GQ, install filters, don over-boots.
- Ashore. fill canteens, activate decon stations