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Flashcards in chemistry final Deck (47):
1

any substance that imperils (hurts) health or life when absorbed into the body.

poison

2

a poisonous substance produced by higher plants, animals, or bacteria that is toxic (poisonous) to humans

toxin

3

types of toxins...

Exotoxin
Endotoxin

4

example of exotoxin

tetanus/cholera

5

example of endotoxin

meningitis

6

amount of a poison or radiation that will kill 50% of the group to which it has been administered.

LD-50

7

LD-50 means...

lethal dose 50%

8

smallest dose of a poison or radiation on record that produces death.

MLD

9

MLD means...

minimum lethal dose

10

ketone family used as an external solvent, lip tent, and primarily as a solvent in embalming fluid.

acetone

11

methanol - formaldehyde - vehicle in formaldehyde.

alcohol

12

an alkane having one or one of the hydrogen atoms replaced with a halogen family element.

Alkylhalides

13

dark red powder used as an internal cosmetic dye in embalming fluid.

Amaranth

14

white crystal solid, used as a herbacide, cavity fluid

Amitrole

15

used as a disinfectant and to neuturalize formaldehyde.

Ammonia

16

NH3 stands for...

ammonia

17

name from tree which it derives, used as solvents, used in embalming fluids

Camphor

18

a derivative of coal tar. It is used primarily as a disinfectant in embalming fluids.

Cresol

19

cresol is also called..

lysol

20

a light brown powder...it is a fungicidal and bacteriocidal.

dichlorophene

21

colorless liquid, used as a humectant in embalming fluids.

Diethanol amine

22

substance used as a solvent.

Diethylformanide

23

sealing lacquers, cavity fluids, and disinfectant.

Ethyl acetate

24

pre-injection and coinjection chemical. Used as buffer or anticoagulant

EDTA

25

EDTA is also called...

sodium salts

26

preservative in embalming fluids.

Formaldehyde

27

the natural free state of formaldehyde is....

gas

28

used as a bleaching agent. METHANOIC ACID is IUPAC name. Functional group is Carboxyl

formic acid

29

used as a preservative or supplementary germicide. A better disinfectant.

Glutaraldehyde

30

an accessory in cavity and arterial fluids. Used as a humectant in embalming fluids. Diehydroxy

glycols

31

household bleach, used to bleach and disinfect.

Hypochlorites

32

liquid used as an aerosol propellant.

Isobutane

33

used as a solvent, cosmetic spray.

Methyl ethyl ketone

34

a family of petroleum solvents. turpentine - liquid cosmetics... can clean brushes with this

Mineral spirits

35

tissue builders for emaciated and dehydrated cases. Used in sealing lacquer.

Nitrocellulose

36

Used in supplementary embalming chemicals and gels and insecticides.

Orthodichlorobenzene

37

colorless solid used as a stripping agent. used as an embalming adhesive gel.

Oxalic acid

38

mothballs - used as a preservative powder.

Paradichlorobenzene

39

solid form of formaldehyde used in preservative powders.

Paraformaldehyde

40

used as cauterizer to prevent leakage and as a bleaching agent.

Phenol (carbolic acid)/phenolic compounds

41

phenol is a great...

preservative

42

hardening agent in hardening compounds. used in embalming powders (hardening compound) as the primary hardening agent.

Plaster of Paris

43

used in aerosols as a propellant.

propane

44

used primarily in finishing powders for make up - white or brown.

quartz

45

supplementary germicides. Chemicals added to enhance the disinfectant qualities of chemicals.

Quaternary ammonium compounds

46

used in drying powders - baby powder.

talc

47

aromatic compound used as an external sealer and solvent.

toluene