Chemistry Reaction Conditions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chemistry Reaction Conditions Deck (46)
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1

Alkane to Haloalkane

Halogen, UV

2

Alkene to Haloalkane

Hydrogen halide or Halogen

3

Alkene to Alcohol

H2O (steam)/H3PO4

4

Alkene to Alkane

H2/Ni, 150 °C

5

Haloalkane to Nitrile

NaCN or KCN in ethanol

6

Haloalkane to Amine

NH3 in ethanol

7

Haloalkane to Alcohol

NaOH(aq)

8

Alcohol to Aldehyde

K2Cr2O7/H2SO4, distil

9

Alcohol to Carboxylic acid

K2Cr2O7/H2SO4, reflux

10

Alcohol to Alkene

H2SO4 or H3PO4 /heat

11

Alcohol to Ester

Carboxylic acid / conc. H2SO4/ heat
OR Acid anhydride OR Acyl chloride

12

Aldehyde/ketone to Hydroxynitrile

NaCN(aq)/H+(aq)

13

Aldehyde/ketone to Alcohol

NaBH4 (aq)

14

Carboxylic acid to Ester

Alcohol/conc. H2SO4

15

Carboxylic acid to Acyl chloride

SOCl2 (thionyl chloride)

16

Ester to Carboxylate salt

hot aqueous alkali/
dilute alkali, heat

17

Acyl chloride to Carboxylic acid

H2O

18

Acyl chloride to Primary amide

NH3

19

Acyl chloride to Secondary amide

Primary amine

20

Acyl chloride to Ester

Alcohol

21

Nitrile to Amine

H2/Ni

22

Ester to Carboxylic acid

Hot aqueous acid
Dilute acid , heat

23

Nitrile to Carboxylic acid

H2O, HCl, heat

24

Halogen, UV

Alkane to Haloalkane

25

Hydrogen halide or Halogen

Alkene to Haloalkane

26

H2O (steam)/H3PO4

Alkene to Alcohol

27

H2/Ni, 150 °C

Alkene to Alkane

28

NaCN or KCN in ethanol

Haloalkane to Nitrile

29

NH3 in ethanol

Haloalkane to Amine

30

NaOH(aq)

Haloalkane to Alcohol