Flashcards in Chest Deck (22):
Shortness of breath
Upper Respiratory Tract Infection
Noise heard in lungs with stethoscope (possible fluid/pulmonary oedema, infection, pneumonia).
Total Hip Replacement
Fever/high temperature. Suggests chest infection
Acute Pulmonary Oedema
Fluid overload in the lung.
Chest x-ray looking for acute cause of the condition (e.g chest infection can cause delirium)
Multiple ribs that are broken in two places so they are not attached. Flail segment of ribs that are not connected to where the ribs are connected but to each other by cartilage.
Paradoxical breathing - when patient breathes in, the flail segment collapses. when patient breathes out, the flail segment expands.
Ventricular Septal Defect.
Hole in the septum between the right and left ventricles, the oxygenated and deoxygenated blood mix and the patient doesn't get pure oxygen blood so therefore have a blue appearance to skin (blue baby)
Repair of tetralogy fallout
Congenital heart disease that is repaired surgically and the patient will have follow up CXR for their whole life.
Body stops but the mediastinum keeps going and tears the aorta
Small/Squamous Cell Carcinoma (cancer)
A fast growing type of lung cancer commonly caused by smoking.
Left Upper Lobe
Suspected aortic dissection
A tear in the aorta
Clot in one or more arteries in the lung, blocking blood, reduced oxygen, therefore tissue dies.
Right Ventricular Failure
Suspected heart failure = enlarged heart
Congenital Heart Disease
Abnormality in the heart that develops at birth.
Infection that inflames air sacs in lungs which may fill with fluid
A build up of fluid between the tissues that line the lungs and the chest. Fluid outside the lung but inside the pleura.
Pleural effusion = fluid lines
Interstitial fluid = no fluid lines
Central Venous Catheter with left subclavian origin
Nasogastric Tube not inserted far enough
Air getting into the pleural space and causing the lung to collapse because it can't inflate.
PA or AP (as px is able) on both expiration and inspiration