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Flashcards in Chest Deck (22):
1

SOB

Shortness of breath

2

URTI

Upper Respiratory Tract Infection

3

Basal Creps

Basal Crepatis.

Noise heard in lungs with stethoscope (possible fluid/pulmonary oedema, infection, pneumonia).

4

THR

Total Hip Replacement

Affects mobility

5

PUO

Pyrexia.

Fever/high temperature. Suggests chest infection

6

APO

Acute Pulmonary Oedema

Fluid overload in the lung.

7

Delirium

Disorientated.
Chest x-ray looking for acute cause of the condition (e.g chest infection can cause delirium)

8

Flail Chest

Multiple ribs that are broken in two places so they are not attached. Flail segment of ribs that are not connected to where the ribs are connected but to each other by cartilage.

Paradoxical breathing - when patient breathes in, the flail segment collapses. when patient breathes out, the flail segment expands.

9

VSD

Ventricular Septal Defect.

Hole in the septum between the right and left ventricles, the oxygenated and deoxygenated blood mix and the patient doesn't get pure oxygen blood so therefore have a blue appearance to skin (blue baby)

10

Repair of tetralogy fallout

Congenital heart disease that is repaired surgically and the patient will have follow up CXR for their whole life.

11

Deceleration injury

Body stops but the mediastinum keeps going and tears the aorta

12

SCC

Small/Squamous Cell Carcinoma (cancer)

A fast growing type of lung cancer commonly caused by smoking.

13

LUL

Left Upper Lobe

14

Suspected aortic dissection

A tear in the aorta

15

PE

Pulmonary Embolism

Clot in one or more arteries in the lung, blocking blood, reduced oxygen, therefore tissue dies.

16

RVF

Right Ventricular Failure

Suspected heart failure = enlarged heart

17

CHD

Congenital Heart Disease

Abnormality in the heart that develops at birth.

18

Pneumonia

Infection that inflames air sacs in lungs which may fill with fluid

19

Pleural effusion

A build up of fluid between the tissues that line the lungs and the chest. Fluid outside the lung but inside the pleura.

Pleural effusion = fluid lines
Interstitial fluid = no fluid lines

20

Line placement

CVC

ETT

NGT

Central Venous Catheter with left subclavian origin

Or

Endotracheal Tube

Or

Nasogastric Tube not inserted far enough

21

Ptx

Pneumothorax

Air getting into the pleural space and causing the lung to collapse because it can't inflate.

PA or AP (as px is able) on both expiration and inspiration

22

Tension Ptx

Tension pneumothorax

When the hole in the pleura forms a one way valve and every time that patient breathes in the air is sucked into the pleural space but because it's a one way valve, when they breath out the air cannot escape. Every time they breath, more air is sucked into the pleural space which compresses the heart, causes the mediastinum to shift and as a result, the patient can go into cardiac tempenar where pressure stops the heart beating.

Shifted mediastinum = tension ptx
No history of trauma = not a tension ptx