Child Language Acquisition: Reading Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Child Language Acquisition: Reading Deck (15)
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What are the two ways to a child learning to read?

Synthetic Phonics and Analytic Phonics.


What are the features of the synthetic approach?

-Teaches children the individual phonemes.
-Once understood, they can blend them together to form a word.


What are the feature of the analytic phonics?

-Doesn't teach individual phonemes.
-Teaches them the breakdown of words in key sections.
-E.g. 'th' words, they would learn lots of them: thorn, thief and thirds.


What did the theorist Frank Smith suggest?

A child shouldn't learn to read by braking individual words up.


What are semantic cues?

Using knowledge and experience of stories to predict events, phrases and words. E.g. Once Upon A Time


What are syntactic cues?

Using prior knowledge and experience of patterns in oral and written language to predict texts.


What are grapho-phonic cues?

Using knowledge of sounds and symbols to read a word.


What are the two basic reading needs according to Frank Smith?

-The availability of interesting material.
-Guidance from an experienced reader.


What are the advantages of analytic phonics?

-it runs along reading scheme books.
-thorough approach.
-methodological approach.


What are the disadvantages of analytic phonics?

-can't apply the sounds to all texts given.
-long time to memorise.


What are the advantages of the synthetic phonics?

-memorise quickly.
-learn the underlying principles.
-multi-sensory approach.


What are the disadvantages of the synthetic phonics?

-whether it is a thorough approach is questionable.


What are the features of the 'whole word' approach?

Children learn the shapes of words, not breaking them down phonologically.


What are the features of the 'look and say' approach?

-Childrens learn to recognise whole words or sentences rather than individual phonemes.
-Flashcards with individual words written on them are used for this method, often accompanied with a related picture so that children can link the object and the referent.


Explain Jeanne Chall's theory.

There are 2 approaches of learning to read:
-Look and say approach
-phonetic approach