Child Phonology, Theories, Clinical Phonology: History of the Field (Ch. 1) Flashcards Preview

SHS 585 Artic & Phonology > Child Phonology, Theories, Clinical Phonology: History of the Field (Ch. 1) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Child Phonology, Theories, Clinical Phonology: History of the Field (Ch. 1) Deck (20):
1

Phonology researcher who developed the summary chart of expected ages for phoneme acquisition

Templin, 1957

2

A proposed mental "dictionary" with lexical, syntactic, semantic, acoustic and articulatory information

Underlying Representations

3

T/F: There is universal agreement on the number and nature of URs in children

False. There are several different models that attempt to describe underlying representations. The questions remain open.

4

This theory describes language in terms of structural levels of elements

Structural Theory
(Jakobson)

5

This theory states that children derive underlying forms of language from examples in the environment

Generative Grammar
(Chomsky)

6

Theory focused on the aerodynamics and motoric variables in a child's speech system

Natural Phonology
(Stampe)

7

The presence of one feature necessarily implies the presence of another

Implicational Hierarchy

8

"If a child can produce a fricative, then it is very likely that he or she can produce a stop"-
This is an example of what?

Implicational Hierarchy

9

A unit of language that consists of at least one foot and may or may not coincide with lexical words. (give example)

Prosodic Word

Ex: "doesn't" - a prosodic word that merges two lexical words

10

A bundle of phonetic features that characterize a single speech sound

Root Node

11

A consonant or a vowel

Segment

12

What are the elements of syllables?

Onset + Rime

13

The rime of a syllable is made up of what?

Nucleus + Coda
(vowel + ending)

14

What were the major discoveries made in early phonology research?

Speech sounds are related to each other in terms of production class
Children tend to acquire sounds as classes, rather than individual sounds

15

What are some universal similarities (tendencies) in typical speech sound development?

Order of Sound Class Acquisition is consistent

16

What are some typical universal (tendencies) that are seen in sound class acquisition? (3)

Stops before fricatives
Glides before liquids
Singleton consonants before clusters

17

T/F: Underlying Representations are easy to study.

False. They are not directly observable, so any theories on UR are inferential.

18

Some research suggests that infants may have two URs, one for __________________ words spoken to them and another for ______________ words.

recognizing; producing

19

What linguistic theory translated into clinical practice that focuses on single consonant productions?

Structuralist Theory

20

What theories translated into clinical practice that uses pattern-based treatment approaches?

Phonological Process
or
Rule-Based Theories