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Flashcards in Child protection and safeguarding Deck (17):

Four main components of safe guarding team

Advice, supervision, training and audit


Multi agency working:

Medical, nursing, ambulance, police, education, children and adult social services, charities


Aims of safeguarding

Protecting children from abuse and neglect, preventing impairment of their health or development, ensuring they receive safe and effective care


Children's rights

Basic needs are met, protected from cruelty and exploitation, given opportunities to play an active role in society and to have a say in their own lives, right to their own identity, parents are in a position to care properly and to the best of their ability, vulnerable children including those who cannot be with their families receive the best possible care


Children's Act 1989 key principles

The welfare of the child is the paramount consideration, a child grows up best in their own family, wherever possible families should be supported to achieve this, partnership with clients brings the best outcome, parental responsibility, participation of the child


Child abuse includes:

Neglect, sexual abuse, physical abuse and emotional abuse


Physical abuse may include

Hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning, scalding, drowning, suffocating, or otherwise causing physical harm to a child


Normal bruising

Most accidental bruises are over bony prominences/on the front of the body, children pulling to stand bump their foreheads


Areas accidental bruising is uncommon

Back, buttocks, forearm, face, ears, abdomen, hip, upper arm, posterior leg, foot, hands


Characteristics of abusive bruising

Clustering appears commonly, may carry the imprint of the implement used, seen on the soft parts, head is the commonest site, in children not independently mobile


Characteristics of abusive burns

Parental inattention/neglect/abusive, injury does not fit history, abusive burns include cigarette, immersion, contact, carpet, poured or thrown scalds


Key features of abuse

Unreasonable delay in seeking help, inconsistent history which doesn't fit injury or development, injuries to young/non-mobile children


Sexual abuse key features

A child under 13 does not have the legal capacity to consent to any form of sexual activity, penetrative sexual activity with a child under the age of 13 years carries a life sentence, must pass on information which puts the child or others at risk


Features of neglect

Neglect is the persistent failure to meet a child's basic physical and or psychological needs, likely to result in a serious impairment of the child's health or development


Consider for neglect:

Persistent infestations, non-compliance with medical treatments, failure to obtain treatment for tooth decay, repeated failure to attend medical appointments, faltering growth, inappropriate carer, animal bite on inadequately supervised child, injury if lack of supervision suggested


Emotional abuse

The persistent emotional ill-treatment of a child such as to cause severe and persistent adverse effects on the child's emotional development


How to safeguard children

Safe healthcare environments, clear policies and guidelines aimed at keeping children safe, training for staff, access to advice and guidance, willingness to act, a culture that values children's rights