Childhood Diseases II Flashcards Preview

Real Path Exam III > Childhood Diseases II > Flashcards

Flashcards in Childhood Diseases II Deck (12):
1

Which bacterium typically cause Early onset Neonatal sepsis?

Gram + GBS
Gram - E.coli and Klebsiella.

2

Which bacteria cause late onset neonatal sepsis?

Staphylococci
H. influenzae

3

What is Neonatal Respiratory Distress syndrome?

Lack of surfactant due to prematurity. 60% of infants born less than 28 weeks will have neonatal RDS.

4

What is the leading cause for mortality and morbidity in premature infants?

Respiratory distress syndrome AKA Hyaline membrane disease.

5

What are the two most common complications associated with Hyaline Membrane Disease?

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia
Necrotizing enterocolitis

6

What causes Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia?

Infants placed on oxygen therapy for longer than 4 weeks under positive ventlation.
Lungs will have cobblestone exterior surface.

7

What is
Generalized edema of the fetus called?

Localized edema of the fetus called?

Generalize: Hydrops fetalis

Localized: Cystic hygroma

8

What causes immune hydrops fetalis?

Mother RH- giving birth to second Rh+ child Leading to IgG attack.

9

What two pathological conditions follow in immune hydrops fetalis?

Hemolytic anemia and hyperbilirubinemia

10

What is Kernicterus?

Accumulation of billiruben in the neonates brain seen in hydrops fetalis.

11

90% of cases of Sudden infant death syndrome occur at what age?

Less than 6 months between 2-4 months.

12

80% of SIDS babies will have what skin condition?

Multiple petechiae

Also have hypoplasia of arcuate nucleus with decreased brains tem activity.