Flashcards in Childhood Diseases II Deck (12):
Which bacterium typically cause Early onset Neonatal sepsis?
Gram + GBS
Gram - E.coli and Klebsiella.
Which bacteria cause late onset neonatal sepsis?
What is Neonatal Respiratory Distress syndrome?
Lack of surfactant due to prematurity. 60% of infants born less than 28 weeks will have neonatal RDS.
What is the leading cause for mortality and morbidity in premature infants?
Respiratory distress syndrome AKA Hyaline membrane disease.
What are the two most common complications associated with Hyaline Membrane Disease?
What causes Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia?
Infants placed on oxygen therapy for longer than 4 weeks under positive ventlation.
Lungs will have cobblestone exterior surface.
Generalized edema of the fetus called?
Localized edema of the fetus called?
Generalize: Hydrops fetalis
Localized: Cystic hygroma
What causes immune hydrops fetalis?
Mother RH- giving birth to second Rh+ child Leading to IgG attack.
What two pathological conditions follow in immune hydrops fetalis?
Hemolytic anemia and hyperbilirubinemia
What is Kernicterus?
Accumulation of billiruben in the neonates brain seen in hydrops fetalis.
90% of cases of Sudden infant death syndrome occur at what age?
Less than 6 months between 2-4 months.