Flashcards in Chile Deck (34):
Chile is the only country in the wine producing world to remain phylloxera free. True or False?
One of the earliest grapes to arrive in South America was the ____, which is related to the grape ____ ____ from ____.
black Mission grape, related to Listán Prieto from the Canary Islands.
What is the Chilean synonym for the black Mission grape?` It was also the ____ planted grape in Chile until the 21st Century.
País. Most planted.
What are the six regional Denominations of Origin (DOs) in Chile from north to south?
Valle Central (Central Valley)
Sur (the Southern Regions)
and a new area at the southernmost limit of grapegrowing in the country, the Austral Region
Chile's climate ____ from north to south.
Atacama and Coquimbo climates are:
dry and dessert-like, great for producing Pisco or cheap table wine.
The climate of Central Valley is:
predominantly Maritime -- the Andes mountains help cool nighttime temperatures, and the cold Humboldt Current cools the vines.
What's the mountain range between the Central Valley and the Pacific? What do they do?
Coastal Mountains. They provide some shelter, although the Humboldt Current forces cool sea air inland through the river valleys to affect the Central Valley vineyards during the day.
Is irrigation permissible for Aconcagua and Central Valley?
Yes, it's essential.
Chilean wine law was established in ____.
Chilean wine law follows the __% rule.
75% -- vintage, varietal, and denomination of origin must, if listed on the bottle, comprise a minimum 75% of the blend
Some producers observe an 85% minimum for all three categories, in order to comply with EU standards for export.
Hybrids are allowed for European export. True or False?
False. Only permitted grapes allowed for export to the EU.
What's the minimum ABV for all Chilean wines?
What's the minimum ABV for Reserva and Reserva Especial?
What's the minimum ABV for Reserva Privada and Gran Reserva?
12.5%. They also have to spend a little time in oak (no minimum).
What are the two leading grape varieties in Chile?
País and Cabernet Sauvignon.
Coquimbo has 3 subregions -- what are the two northern valleys in Coquimbo that are gaining some notoriety for their still wines?
Elqui (Syrah) and Limarí (Chardonnay)
What is Coquimbo's third subregion?
Choapa, which is located in a narrow area to the south, where the Andes and Coastal Mountains converge.
Soils in Aconcagua DO are generally
alluvial. Mostly reds planted here.
What is the famous Bordeaux-style red blend from Aconcagua DO?
Aconcagua DO's subregions
Aconcagua Valley (hot)
San Antonio (cool)
The San Antonio subregion of Aconcagua DO has 4 sub-zones:
What are the Central Valley DO's subregions from north to south?
Maipo Valley (warm, Cabernet Sauvignon)
Rapel Valley (Cachapoal, Colchagua)
What are the 2 important sub-zones of Rapel?
Cachapoal (subregions San Fernando, Chimbarongo, and Apalta)
Colchagua (warm climate, fertile soils)
What are the 2 sub-zones of Curicó?
What are the 2 sub-zones of Maule?
What are the 4 sub-zones (growing areas, really) or Maipo?
What are the 3 Valleys of Sur DO?
What are the 3 new geographic terms for Chilean wine?
-- at least 85% of the grapes must be harvested in the appropriate region
What are the 2 subregions of Austral?
Valle del Cautín DO
Valle de Osorno DO
What are the 2 subregions of Atacama?
Valle de Copiapó DO (Pisco grapes)
Valle del Huasco DO (Pisco grapes)
Name some important Maipo producers.
Concha y Toro, Santa Rita, Carmen, Santa Carolina, Cousiño Macul, Almaviva, Odfjell, De Martino, Antiyal
After Chile, which two countries have the largest Carménère plantings?
China and Italy