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Flashcards in Chile Deck (34):
1

Chile is the only country in the wine producing world to remain phylloxera free. True or False?

True.

2

One of the earliest grapes to arrive in South America was the ____, which is related to the grape ____ ____ from ____.

black Mission grape, related to Listán Prieto from the Canary Islands.

3

What is the Chilean synonym for the black Mission grape?` It was also the ____ planted grape in Chile until the 21st Century.

País. Most planted.

4

What are the six regional Denominations of Origin (DOs) in Chile from north to south?

Atacama
Coquimbo
Aconcagua
Valle Central (Central Valley)
Sur (the Southern Regions)
and a new area at the southernmost limit of grapegrowing in the country, the Austral Region

5

Chile's climate ____ from north to south.

Varies.

6

Atacama and Coquimbo climates are:

dry and dessert-like, great for producing Pisco or cheap table wine.

7

The climate of Central Valley is:

predominantly Maritime -- the Andes mountains help cool nighttime temperatures, and the cold Humboldt Current cools the vines.

8

What's the mountain range between the Central Valley and the Pacific? What do they do?

Coastal Mountains. They provide some shelter, although the Humboldt Current forces cool sea air inland through the river valleys to affect the Central Valley vineyards during the day.

9

Is irrigation permissible for Aconcagua and Central Valley?

Yes, it's essential.

10

Chilean wine law was established in ____.

1995.

11

Chilean wine law follows the __% rule.

75% -- vintage, varietal, and denomination of origin must, if listed on the bottle, comprise a minimum 75% of the blend

Some producers observe an 85% minimum for all three categories, in order to comply with EU standards for export.

12

Hybrids are allowed for European export. True or False?

False. Only permitted grapes allowed for export to the EU.

13

What's the minimum ABV for all Chilean wines?

11.5%

14

What's the minimum ABV for Reserva and Reserva Especial?

12%

15

What's the minimum ABV for Reserva Privada and Gran Reserva?

12.5%. They also have to spend a little time in oak (no minimum).

16

What are the two leading grape varieties in Chile?

País and Cabernet Sauvignon.

17

Coquimbo has 3 subregions -- what are the two northern valleys in Coquimbo that are gaining some notoriety for their still wines?

Elqui (Syrah) and Limarí (Chardonnay)

18

What is Coquimbo's third subregion?

Choapa, which is located in a narrow area to the south, where the Andes and Coastal Mountains converge.

19

Soils in Aconcagua DO are generally

alluvial. Mostly reds planted here.

20

What is the famous Bordeaux-style red blend from Aconcagua DO?

Errázuriz’s “Seña"

21

Aconcagua DO's subregions

Aconcagua Valley (hot)
Casablanca (cool)
San Antonio (cool)

22

The San Antonio subregion of Aconcagua DO has 4 sub-zones:

Leyda
Lo Abarca
Rosario
Malvilla

23

What are the Central Valley DO's subregions from north to south?

Maipo Valley (warm, Cabernet Sauvignon)
Rapel Valley (Cachapoal, Colchagua)
Curicó
Maule Valley

24

What are the 2 important sub-zones of Rapel?

Cachapoal (subregions San Fernando, Chimbarongo, and Apalta)
Colchagua (warm climate, fertile soils)

25

What are the 2 sub-zones of Curicó?

Teno
Lontue

26

What are the 2 sub-zones of Maule?

Claro
Loncomilla

27

What are the 4 sub-zones (growing areas, really) or Maipo?

Santiago
Pirque
Puente Alto
Buin

28

What are the 3 Valleys of Sur DO?

Itata
Bío Bío
Malleco

29

What are the 3 new geographic terms for Chilean wine?

Costa
Entre Cordilleras
Andes
-- at least 85% of the grapes must be harvested in the appropriate region

30

What are the 2 subregions of Austral?

Valle del Cautín DO
Valle de Osorno DO

31

What are the 2 subregions of Atacama?

Valle de Copiapó DO (Pisco grapes)
Valle del Huasco DO (Pisco grapes)

32

Name some important Maipo producers.

Concha y Toro, Santa Rita, Carmen, Santa Carolina, Cousiño Macul, Almaviva, Odfjell, De Martino, Antiyal

33

After Chile, which two countries have the largest Carménère plantings?

China and Italy

34

What are the 4 new DOs in Chile (May 2018)?

Lo Abarca (Aconcagua>San Antonio Valley) - 1 producer, Casa Marín - climatic designation: Costa - calcareous and granitic soils

Licantén (Central Valley>Curico>Teno Valley) - 1 producer, La Ronciere - key grapes are Bdx varieties, PN, Carignan - climatic designation: Costa - soils are licorella, gravel and clay

Apalta (Central Valley>Rapel>Colchagua) - best known producers include Montes, Lapostolle, Santa Rita, Ventisquero - Bdx and Rhône grapes - climatic designation: Entre-Cordilleras - clay and granite soils

Los Lingues (Central Valley>Rapel>Colchagua) - notable producers Casa Silva, Siegel - key grapes are Bdx and Rhône - climatic designation: Andes - mostly volcanic soils