What cats come into the clinic and their eyes are swollen shut, you should suspect ____
Chlamydia is ____ intracellular, gram negative organism
What are the two forms of Chlamydia and which one is metabolically active?
elementary body- infectious, metabolically inert
reticulate body- elementary body inside cells, metabolically active- replicating
*reticulate body differentiates into more elementary bodies that it will release from the cell
What chlamydia species are zoonotic?
C. pneumoniae- not clearly zoonotic
What is the chlamydia species that is only a human pathogen?
Can Chalmydia abortus cause abortions in humans?
Yes, but it is rare
What chalmydia species causes enzootic abortion in Sheeps and goats?
*picture of necrotic cotyledons
What Species of Chlamydia causes conjunctivitis in cats?
*discharge from eyes and nose
*normally begins in one eye but becomes bilateral
How is Chlamydia transmitted in humans?
How is Chlamydia abortus transmitted?
ingestion of abortion products
How is Chlamydia felis transmitted?
Ocular and nasal secretions
*usually all kittens in a group will have it
What does C. pneumoniae cause in humans?
*not demonstarted to be zoonotic, but has been isolated from both animals and humans
What is the best antibiotic to give for Chlamydia?
*intracellular organism so this antibiotic works very well
What animals do the different species of Chlamydia infect?
C. abortus- sheep and goats
C. felis- cats, reptiles
C. pneumoniae- horses, dogs, koalas ect.
What does C. pneumoniae cause in koalas?
What animals tend to have more severe disease associated with Chlamydia?
*lethargy, nephritis, hepatitis
True/False: Chlamydia is easy to diagnose
*Very difficult to diagnose
Pregnant women should avoid contact with what?
pregnant or aborting ruminants
*avoid all contact with sheep and goats
Good ____ is important to prevent Chlamydia in animals and humans
*disinfection is important
Chlamydophila psittaci is ____ intracellular
The elementary bodies of Chlamydia are resistant to ____
*very stable in environment
Psittacosis is a ____ disease
What humans are at high risk of catching Psittacosis?
People that come in contact with bird dander and feces on a regular basis
How is Psittacosis normally transmitted to humans?
typically via inhalation of droppings, or feather dust
mouth to beak
What avian species are the most susceptible to Psittacosis?
Psittacines- cockatiels and parakeets
In Avian Chlamydiosis, ____ appear healthy, but are spreading the virus
In avian chlamydiosis, bacteria shedding is activated by ____
Avian Chlamydiosis has a very variable _____
*3 days to several weeks
What are the clinial signs in pet birds with Chlamydiosis?
Treatment of ____ in birds is very difficult and most of them probably will die
*if treating- long period of time
____ need to be aware of Psittacosis and that they can catch this from their birds
pet bird owners