Chlamydia Flashcards Preview

MY Bacteriology FINAL > Chlamydia > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chlamydia Deck (31):
1

What cats come into the clinic and their eyes are swollen shut, you should suspect ____

Chlamydia 

2

Chlamydia is ____ intracellular, gram negative organism 

obligate 

3

What are the two forms of Chlamydia and which one is metabolically active?

elementary body- infectious, metabolically inert

reticulate body- elementary body inside cells, metabolically active- replicating

*reticulate body differentiates into more elementary bodies that it will release from the cell 

4

What chlamydia species are zoonotic?

C. abortus

C. felis

C. pneumoniae- not clearly zoonotic

C. psittaci 

5

What is the chlamydia species that is only a human pathogen?

C. trachomatis 

6

Can Chalmydia abortus cause abortions in humans?

Yes, but it is rare 

7

What chalmydia species causes enzootic abortion in Sheeps and goats?

Chlamydia Abortus 

*picture of necrotic cotyledons 

A image thumb
8

What Species of Chlamydia causes conjunctivitis in cats?

Chlamydia Felis 

*discharge from eyes and nose 

*normally begins in one eye but becomes bilateral 

9

How is Chlamydia transmitted in humans?

Ingestion

Aerosol 

eye inoculation 

10

How is Chlamydia abortus transmitted?

ingestion of abortion products

*placenta, discharges

11

How is Chlamydia felis transmitted?

Ocular and nasal secretions

*usually all kittens in a group will have it

12

What does C. pneumoniae cause in humans?

cough

pneumonia

fever

*not demonstarted to be zoonotic, but has been isolated from both animals and humans 

13

What is the best antibiotic to give for Chlamydia?

Tetracycline

*intracellular organism so this antibiotic works very well 

14

What animals do the different species of Chlamydia infect?

C. abortus- sheep and goats

C. felis- cats, reptiles

C. pneumoniae- horses, dogs, koalas ect. 

 

15

What does C. pneumoniae cause in koalas?

asymptomatic 

respiratory disease 

A image thumb
16

What animals tend to have more severe disease associated with Chlamydia?

reptiles

*lethargy, nephritis, hepatitis 

17

True/False: Chlamydia is easy to diagnose

False

*Very difficult to diagnose 

18

Pregnant women should avoid contact with what?

pregnant or aborting ruminants 

*avoid all contact with sheep and goats

19

Good ____ is important to prevent Chlamydia in animals and humans 

hygiene 

*disinfection is important 

20

Chlamydophila psittaci is ____ intracellular 

obligate 

21

The elementary bodies of Chlamydia are resistant to ____

drying

*very stable in environment 

22

Psittacosis is a ____ disease 

reportable 

23

What humans are at high risk of catching Psittacosis?

People that come in contact with bird dander and feces on a regular basis 

24

How is Psittacosis normally transmitted to humans?

typically via inhalation of droppings, or feather dust

mouth to beak

25

What avian species are the most susceptible to Psittacosis?

Psittacines- cockatiels and parakeets 

26

In Avian Chlamydiosis, ____ appear healthy, but are spreading the virus

carriers 

27

In avian chlamydiosis, bacteria shedding is activated by ____

stress

28

Avian Chlamydiosis has a very variable _____ 

incubation period 

*3 days to several weeks 

29

What are the clinial signs in pet birds with Chlamydiosis?

Anorexia

diarrhea

yellow droppings

respiratory distress

ataxia

trembling 

30

Treatment of ____ in birds is very difficult and most of them probably will die 

Psittacosis 

*if treating- long period of time

31

____ need to be aware of Psittacosis and that they can catch this from their birds 

pet bird owners