Chp 2, 5,6 Flashcards Preview

Psychology of Women > Chp 2, 5,6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chp 2, 5,6 Deck (36):
1

are the beliefs and assumptions that we associate with particular groups of people.

Stereotypes

2

beliefs that we associate with females and males

Gender stereotypes

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Prejudice

emotional reaction or attitude toward a particular group of people

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discrimination

biased treatment of a particular group of people

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Normative-male problem

men are the standard of comparison, wereas wmen are the second sex

6

Androcentric generic

or masculine generic- is the use of masculine nouns and pronouns to refer to all human beings

7

Communion

emphasizes a concern for your relationship with other people . Gentle , warm.

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Agency

self-confident, competitive. A concern with your self-interest.

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implicit gender

automatic stereotypes you reveal when you are not aware that your gender stereotypes are being assessed.

10

explicit gender

the kind you supply when you are aware that you are being tested.

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Hostile sexism

blatant kind of sexism is based on the idea that women should be subservient to men and should know their place

12

Benevolent sexism

subtle kind of sexism that argues for women's special niceness and purity. Most toward traditional women such as homemakers.

13

Ambivalent Sexism

combines both hostile sexism and benevolent sexism.

14

Sexual prejudice

is a negative attitude that individuals hold against someone because of her or hos sexual orientation

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social cognitive approach

stereotypes are belief systems that guide and simplify the way we process information including information about gender

16

Attribution

explanations about the causes of a person's behaviors

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self-fulfilling prophecy

your expectations about someone may lead him or her to act in ways that confirm your original expectation.

18

Frequency distribution

tells us how many people in a sample receive each score

19

spatial abilities

include understanding, perceiving, and manipulating shapes and figures

20

spatial visualization

require complex processing of spatially presented information. Embedded figure requires you to locate a particular pattern or object that is hidden in a larger design.

21

Mental rotation

measures the ability to rotate a two or three dimensional figure rapidly and accurately . Produces the largest gender differences of all skills. Males tend to respond faster.

22

Lateralization

two halves of the brain function somewhat differently. The right side tends to be faster and more accurate on spatial tasks.

23

achievement motivation

desire to accomplish something on your own and to do it well

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interistic motivation

to work on a task for your own satisfaction rather than for rewards such as money or praise.

25

decoding ability

refers to your skill in looking at another person's nonverbal behavior and figuring out what emption that person is feeling

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altruism

providing unselfish help to others who are in need without anticipating any reward

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nurturance

help in which someone gives care to another person, usually someone who is younger or less competent.

28

empathy

when you understand the emption that another person is feeling

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self-disclosure

reveal information about themselves to another person

30

transformational style of leadership

will inspire employees, gain their trust, and encourage them to develop their potential skills

31

transactional style of leadership

clarify the tasks that employees must accomplish, rewarding them when they meet the appropriate objectives and correcting them when thy do not meet these objectives

32

social constructionist approach

we construct or invent our own versions of reality based on prior experiences, social interactions, and beliefs.

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justice approach

each individual is part of a hierarchy in which some people have more power and influence than others.

34

care approach

individuals are interrelated with other people in a wen of connections.

35

Differences perspective

emphasize that males and females are different from each other

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similarities perspective

minimize gender differences arguing that males and females are generally similar.