Chp 28 Diuretic Drug (Renal) Flashcards Preview

Pharmacogy > Chp 28 Diuretic Drug (Renal) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chp 28 Diuretic Drug (Renal) Deck (12):
1

What are diuretic drugs?

Drugs that accelerate the rate of urine formation

Result in removal of sodium and water

Use for treatment of Hypertension, heart failure, and renal failure

2

What is nephron?

Function unit of the kidney

3

Sodium

In the nephron, where sodium goes, water follows

If water is not absorbed, it is excreted as urine

4

What are some Loop Diuretics: Furosemide (Lasix) Indications?

Most commonly loop diuretic

Pulmonary edema(fluid in the lungs)

Edema assciated with heart failure (HF), hepatic or renal disease

To control hypertension

5

Loop Diuretics: Furosemide (Lasix) mechanism of action include

Possess renal, cardiovasuclar, and metabolic effects

Acts directly on the ascending limb on the loop of Henle to inhibit chloride and sodium resorption

Increase renal prostaglandins, resulting in dilation of blood vessels and reduced peripheral vascular resistance

Useful in treatment of edema (why is it there is it heart failure or vein problems)

6

What are some drug effects of Loop Diuretics: Furosemide (Lasix)

Potent diuretics and subsequent loss of fluid

Decreased fluid volume causes a reduction in:
Blood pressure
Pulmonary vascular resistance
Systemic vascular resistance
Central venous pressure
Left venous pressure

Potassium and sodium depletion

***potasium goes with the urine**
***IF A SULFUR ALLERGY DO NOT GIVE LASIX**

7

Loop Diuretics: Furosemide (Lasix) contraindications include

Drug allergy
Sulfanomide allergy
Hypovolemia
Electrolyte depletion

8

What are some adverse effects Loop Diuretics: Furosemide (Lasix) for the CNS?

Dizziness
Headache
Tinnitus
Blurred vision

9

What are some adverse effects for Loop Diuretics: Furosemide (Lasix) GI?

Nausea
Vomiting
Diarrhea

10

What are skme diruetics for Loop Diuretics: Furosemide (Lasix) for thr ilIntegumentary system?

Stevens- Johnson syndrome (toremide).. skin reaction has to be hospitalized

11

A patient comes in with adverse effects for the Loop Diuretics: Furosemide (Lasix) drug which includes Agranulpcytosis, neutropenia, or thrombocytopenia. What body system is it?

Hematologic

12

Some adverse effects for Loop Diuretics: Furosemide (Lasix) for the metabolic body system include

Hypokalemia
Hyperglycemia
Hyperuricemia