Flashcards in Chp 28 Diuretic Drug (Renal) Deck (12):
What are diuretic drugs?
Drugs that accelerate the rate of urine formation
Result in removal of sodium and water
Use for treatment of Hypertension, heart failure, and renal failure
What is nephron?
Function unit of the kidney
In the nephron, where sodium goes, water follows
If water is not absorbed, it is excreted as urine
What are some Loop Diuretics: Furosemide (Lasix) Indications?
Most commonly loop diuretic
Pulmonary edema(fluid in the lungs)
Edema assciated with heart failure (HF), hepatic or renal disease
To control hypertension
Loop Diuretics: Furosemide (Lasix) mechanism of action include
Possess renal, cardiovasuclar, and metabolic effects
Acts directly on the ascending limb on the loop of Henle to inhibit chloride and sodium resorption
Increase renal prostaglandins, resulting in dilation of blood vessels and reduced peripheral vascular resistance
Useful in treatment of edema (why is it there is it heart failure or vein problems)
What are some drug effects of Loop Diuretics: Furosemide (Lasix)
Potent diuretics and subsequent loss of fluid
Decreased fluid volume causes a reduction in:
Pulmonary vascular resistance
Systemic vascular resistance
Central venous pressure
Left venous pressure
Potassium and sodium depletion
***potasium goes with the urine**
***IF A SULFUR ALLERGY DO NOT GIVE LASIX**
Loop Diuretics: Furosemide (Lasix) contraindications include
What are some adverse effects Loop Diuretics: Furosemide (Lasix) for the CNS?
What are some adverse effects for Loop Diuretics: Furosemide (Lasix) GI?
What are skme diruetics for Loop Diuretics: Furosemide (Lasix) for thr ilIntegumentary system?
Stevens- Johnson syndrome (toremide).. skin reaction has to be hospitalized
A patient comes in with adverse effects for the Loop Diuretics: Furosemide (Lasix) drug which includes Agranulpcytosis, neutropenia, or thrombocytopenia. What body system is it?