Chp 29&30 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chp 29&30 Deck (38):
1

How many milliliters of urine can the bladder hold

400 to 600

2

Urine left in the bladder after urination

Residual urine

3

There should be at least an hourly urine output of

30 mL

4

What is the normal color of urine

Shades of yellow with the average being Amber

5

Name some blockages of the ureters

Stones, tumors, trauma to the lower abdomen, disruptions of the bladder by tumor or trauma, In large prostate, infection

6

Less than 100 mL of urine output in 24 hours

Anuria

7

Painful or difficult urination that maybe from infection or trauma

Dysuria

8

Involuntary release of urine

Incontinence

9

What is the normal clarity of urine

Trans parent or slightly cloudy

10

Urine that contains bacteria or large amounts of protein is of what clarity

Cloudy

11

What does normal urine smell like

Ammonia faintly

12

A foul odor in urine may mean

Infection

13

What is the normal range of urine gravity

1.010 to 1.030

14

What is the pH of normal urine

5.5 to 7.0

15

What are some ways to prevent cystitis

Drink 2500 to 3000 mL of fluid per day where cotton underwear white properly and do not sit and wet bathing suit’s

16

This occurs when the person must get up to urinate during the night more than once or twice

Nocturia

17

A decreased amount of urine output that occurs when urine output falls below 400 mL per 24 hours

Oliguria

18

Excessive urination greater than 1500 mL in 24 hours

Polyuria

19

Glucose in the urine, protein in the urine

Glycosuria and proteinuria

20

What is hemateria

Blood in the urine

21

Pus in the urine

Pyuria

22

What is ketonuria

Key tones in the urine

23

How long do you have to get a urine specimen to the lab

5 to 10 minutes because urine that stands for 15 minutes or more changes characteristics and the urinalysis will not be accurate

24

Involuntary loss of urine in response to a strong sensation of need to empty the bladder

Urge incontinence

25

Urethral sphincter failure that is often associated with increased intra-abdominal pressure, occurs with sneezing laughing coughing and aerobic exercise

Stress incontinence

26

A combination of different types of incontinence

Mixed incontinence

27

What position must your patient be in to give an enema

Left Sims

28

How many enemas can you give in one day

Three because of electrolyte depletement

29

How much normal saline is normal for an adult enema

500 to 1000 mL

30

What are the two most common diarrhea medication

Lomotil and Imodium

31

How many sounds is considered hyper active bowel sounds

More than 30 sounds per minute

32

What are some causes of hyper active bowel sounds

Inflammation in the G.I. tract, certain drugs, diverticulitis, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s and IBS

33

Name some medications that cause constipation

Narcotics, general anesthesia, diuretics, sedatives, antidepressants, anti-cholinergics, and calcium channel blocker’s

34

Less than five bowel sounds per minute

Hypo active bowel sounds

35

What is the normal transit time of feces in the intestines

18 to 72 hours

36

Where is feces stored

In the sigmoid colon

37

What is the valsalva maneuver

Holding your breath closing the glottis and tightening the abdominal muscles as if having a bowel movement

38

What does the Valsalva maneuver help with

Heart rate