Chpt 1 Quiz Flashcards Preview

Child Development > Chpt 1 Quiz > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chpt 1 Quiz Deck (16):
1

Adolescence

(ages 12-18) (puberty, abstract thinking, peer relations are important now)

2

Early childhood

(ages 3-6) (play and learn about the world; how people think and feel)

3

Punishment

Decrease behavior

4

Negative

Take away stimilus

5

Reinforcement

Increase behavior

6

Psychosocial 3

3-5 Initiative vs guilt

7

Infancy

(the first year of life) (totally dependent on caregivers; strong emotional attachment develops)

8

Middle Childhood

(ages 6-12) (think in structured way, school begins; discover how they are unique)

9

Psychosocial stage 1

Infant - 18 months trust vs. mistrust: achieve trust if caregivers are consistent and responsive to child; otherwise child develops mistrust

10

Theory

An idea based on evidence used to explain information or make predictions

11

Equifinity

when different pathways can result in same outcomes (or similar outcomes stem from different early experiences; example is abused kids end up healthy)

12

Empathy

Capacity to take the role of the other

13

Multifinity

is when same pathway can result in different outcomes.

14

Positive

Add stimulus

15

Toddlerhood

(ages 1-3) (language develops, motor skills, independence)

16

Psychosocial stage 2

18 months - 3 years autonomy vs. shame and doubt: child becomes more independent and has self control– otherwise he/she has low self-confidence